The Writers' Propaganda Bureau
His closest assistant is the Deputy Reichspropagandaleiter , who is also chief of staff of the RPL and the personal aide of the Reichspropagandaleiter. Active Propaganda has the task of carrying out propaganda actions at every level, from the mass events with their architectonic structure to the conduct of membership meetings at the local group or section level.
This requires organizing the entire speaker system of the party, its subsidiaries, and affiliated organizations. Along with handling the daily questions of politics, it provides the entire speaker system with information and sends all propagandists in the country the monthly Unser Wille und Weg. The speaker system also requires the production and distribution of appropriate posters and leaflets, as well as the careful examination of meeting reports from the speakers and propaganda offices. A comprehensive picture of propaganda results from the statistical summary of all reports from the counties and Gaue.
There are also departments for Unser Wille und Weg, publications, statistics and promotion, and contemporary affairs. The Office of Major Events has two main areas of responsibility.
The first is includes all preparations for mass meetings, the second architectonic preparations. That includes all departments necessary for the conduct of a major event, including traffic, housing, transportation, sanitary facilities, sanitary supervision, food, etc, which are under the supervision of a single authority.
That means that this office must stay in contact with all other relevant branches of the movement. The Architectonic Office arranges the location for mass meetings and the specific requirements of the event.
The task of the Main Office of Film is the regular organization of film shows suitable for public enlightenment and education, and which contribute to deepening the National Socialist worldview. The Radio Office of the NSDAP is responsible for the supervision of the entire German radio system, with the goal of making the radio consistent with National Socialist principles in its organizational, cultural, technical, and economic development.
Only in this way will it be possible to take National Socialism in and through the radio into the practical life form of the German nation. The broadcasting and reception system, culture work in the radio, education, scientific radio work, youth radio. The organization of the radio system Reich Radio Chamber, subchambers in the Reich Chamber of Culture, professional organizations , radio exhibitions.
Technical systems loudspeaker system , technical training, shortwave and amateur radio, ultra shortwave system, technical production questions. Propaganda actions on the radio, listener recruitment, press office, political broadcasts. The Department of Culture has the task of encouraging and supervising cultural work as an expression of the National Socialist worldview in the propaganda of the party, its subsidiaries, and affiliated organizations.
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Provides guidelines and regulations for all architectural questions on monuments and such buildings as serve the public work of the National Socialist movement. Provides guidelines and regulations for all other artistic questions involving symbols, objects, etc. The painting depicted a young soldier lying dead on the battlefield beneath a vision of Christ on the Cross.
It had an immediate appeal to many, and prints were snapped up by churches, schools, and mission halls. One reviewer stated that the print had "turned railway bookstalls into wayside shrines. The original oil painting was acquired by Queen Mary , wife of George V but several other copies were made. Atrocity propaganda , which aimed to mobilise hatred of the German enemy by spreading details of their atrocities, real or alleged, was used extensively by Britain in the First World War. It reached its peak in , with much of the atrocities related to Germany's invasion of Belgium. A continuous stream of stories ensued, painting the Germans as destructive barbarians, and many of the atrocities being reported were entirely fictitious.
One of the most widely disseminated documents of atrocity propaganda during the war was the Report of the Committee on Alleged German Outrages , or Bryce Report , of May This report, based on 1, witness depositions, depicted the systematic murder and violation of Belgians by German soldiers during their invasion of Belgium, including details of rape and the slaughter of children. Published by a committee of lawyers and historians, headed by the respected former ambassador Lord Bryce, the Report had a significant impact both in Britain and in America, making front-page headlines in major newspapers.
It was also translated into 30 languages for distribution into allied and neutral countries. However, its impact was limited outside of a few German-language publications; indeed, some interpreted it as an admission of guilt. Other publications referring to the violation of Belgian neutrality were subsequently distributed in neutral countries.
For example, Wellington House disseminated a pamphlet entitled Belgium and Germany: Texts and Documents in , which was written by the Belgian Foreign Minister Davignon and featured details of alleged atrocities. Edith Cavell was a nurse in Brussels who was involved in a network helping allied prisoners to escape. This was in violation of German military law, and as a result she was court-martialled for treason, and having been found guilty was executed in The story was reported, however, in a way that presented the event as the murder of an innocent houser of refugees.
Following her death, the story was reproduced by Wellington House for many propaganda campaigns, both domestically and to the United States.
British propaganda during World War I
Pamphlets and images depicted her execution as an act of German barbarity. Soon after this incident, the French shot two German nurses who aided German prisoners of war to escape. German propagandists chose not to use this as propaganda. British propagandists were able to use the sinking of the Lusitania as atrocity propaganda, as a result of a commemorative medal privately struck by German artist Karl Goetz a year later.
The British Foreign Office obtained a copy of the medal and sent photographs of it to America. Later, to build on this anti-German sentiment, a boxed replica was produced by Wellington House, accompanied by a leaflet explaining the barbarism of Germany. Hundreds of thousands of these replicas were produced in total,  whereas Goetz's original was made in an edition of fewer than On April 17, , a report appeared in the British press, allegedly sourced in Belgium, concerning a "Corpse Exploitation Establishment" Kadaververwertungsanstalt near Coblenz , at which the bodies of German soldiers were allegedly converted into various products, such as lubricating oils and pig food.
A newspaper of that name was published in Brussels, but it carried no such report. The story is a vivid eyewitness description of German corpses being boiled down in a secret factory, with no explanation as to how the eyewitness gained entry. It gained credibility in the Northcliffe Press notably the Times and the Daily Mail , April 17, by their juxtaposing to the Belgian account an excerpt from the official German newspaper, the Lokal-Anzeiger , in which a reporter, Karl Rosner reported experiencing the dull smell of boiling glue on his travels near the front.
This was a Kadaververwertungsanstalt, he explains, where carcasses dead horses were in abundance were boiled down. The German word for glue Leim was mistranslated as "lime," leading readers to think of quicklime used to disinfect corpses. The idea that this and the other mistranslation of "Kadaver" as "corpse" instead of "carcass" were innocent mistakes is hardly credible given that the Daily Mail correspondent who acknowledged making the translation along with a colleague in the Times , were both seasoned correspondents from Germany and would have known the language well.
Though this bit of propaganda gained credibility through the Northcliffe Press, the critical role of that press in disseminating the story in a credible way appears to have escaped proper historical appreciation. The story was used as propaganda in neutral and allied countries, and the Department of Information published a four-page pamphlet about the incident, entitled The 'Corpse Conversion' Factory: A peep behind the German lines. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Report of the Committee on Alleged German Outrages. Retrieved 1 July Yale University Press , p. Keep the Home Fires Burning: Propaganda in the First World War. Published by Buchan's own publishers, Thomas Nelson, the first installment of the Nelson's History of the War appeared in February A further 23 editions appeared regularly during the war. Buchan was given the rank of Second Lieutenant in the Intelligence Corps and provided with the necessary documents to write the work. General Headquarters Staff saw this as very good for propaganda as Buchan's close relationship with Britain's military leaders made it very difficult for him to include any criticism about the way the war was being conducted.
After January the Bureau's activities were subsumed under the office of the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. In May Masterman recruited artist Muirhead Bone. He was sent to France and by October had produced drawings.
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After Bone returned to England he was replaced by his brother-in-law, Francis Dodd , who had been working for the Manchester Guardian. Nevinson and William Rothenstein. John Lavery was recruited to paint pictures of the home front. Nash later complained about the strict control maintained by the Bureau over the official subject matter, saying "I am no longer an artist.
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