Alternatively, Annemarie Schimmel says that the Quranic description of the Houris should be viewed in a context of love; "every pious man who lives according to God's order will enter Paradise where rivers of milk and honey flow in cool, fragrant gardens and virgin beloveds await home Under the Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Quran by Christoph Luxenberg , the words translating to "Houris" or "Virgins of Paradise" are instead interpreted as "Fruits grapes " and "high climbing wine bowers The solution of this difficulty is found by saying that, although heavenly food, women etc.. Jane Gerber claims that the Quran ascribes negative traits to Jews, such as cowardice, greed, and chicanery.
Despite this, the Quran has high praise for these religions, regarding them as the other two parts of the Abrahamic trinity. The Christian doctrine of the Trinity states that God is a single being who exists, simultaneously and eternally, as a communion of three distinct persons, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. In Islam such plurality in God is a denial of monotheism Quran 9: Hindu Swami Dayanand Saraswati gave a brief analysis of the Quran in the 14th chapter of his 19th-century book Satyarth Prakash.
The Religion Behind the Quran
He calls the concept of Islam to be highly offensive, and doubted that there is any connection of Islam with God:. Had the God of the Quran been the Lord of all creatures, and been Merciful and kind to all, he would never have commanded the Mohammedans to slaughter men of other faiths, and animals, etc.
If he is Merciful, will he show mercy even to the sinners? If the answer be given in the affirmative, it cannot be true, because further on it is said in the Quran "Put infidels to sword," in other words, he that does not believe in the Quran and the Prophet Mohammad is an infidel he should, therefore, be put to death. Since the Quran sanctions such cruelty to non-Mohammedans and innocent creatures such as cows it can never be the Word of God. On the other hand, Mahatma Gandhi , the moral leader of the 20th-century Indian independence movement, found the Quran to be peaceful, but the history of Muslims to be aggressive, while he claimed that Hindus have passed that stage of societal evolution:.
Though, in my opinion, non-violence has a predominant place in the Quran, the thirteen hundred years of imperialistic expansion has made the Muslims fighters as a body. They are therefore aggressive. Bullying is the natural excrescence of an aggressive spirit. The Hindu has an ages old civilization.
He is essentially non violent. His civilization has passed through the experiences that the two recent ones are still passing through. If Hinduism was ever imperialistic in the modern sense of the term, it has outlived its imperialism and has either deliberately or as a matter of course given it up. Predominance of the non-violent spirit has restricted the use of arms to a small minority which must always be subordinate to a civil power highly spiritual, learned and selfless.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. List English translations by Ahmadis.
Abrogation Biblical narratives Esoteric interpretation Hermeneutics Persons related to verses. This article's lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article. Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page.
History of the Quran and Historicity of Muhammad. Sana'a manuscript and Birmingham Quran manuscript. Wahy , Quran and miracles , and Legends and the Quran. Biblical narratives and the Quran. Qur'an and science and Islamic views on evolution.
Bible vs. Quran: Where Is the Truth?
Islam and Domestic violence and An-Nisa, Christianity and Islam , Islam and antisemitism , and Islamic—Jewish relations. Retrieved April 22, Muhammad and the Origins of Islam. Der Islam, Volume 67 , Issue 2, pp. The Bible, the Quran, and Science: Quran Fragments Perhaps as Old as Islam". Archived from the original on 6 September Retrieved 27 July Retrieved 4 February Puin as quoted in Toby Lester January Cambridge University Press , Serjeant, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society p. Volume 1 , London, , p.
Criticism of the Quran
Watt, An introduction to the Quran , Edinburgh, , p. From the Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 21, History of the Christian church. Images of Jesus Christ in Islam: Bloomsbury Academic ; 2nd edition. Content and Composition of Islamic Salvation History. The development of exegesis in early Islam: In Baker encyclopedia of Christian apologetics. Entry on Qur'an, Alleged Divine Origin of. Islam and Christian—Muslim Relations. The Origins of the Koran: Classic Essays on Islam's Holy Book.
Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. Sense and Sensibility in Islam: Linguistics, Context and Rationality. Reconciling Muslim Tradition and Modern Science. Archived from the original on Guillaume translator , , p. Montgomery Watt, Muhammad at Mecca , Oxford, Journal of Semitic Studies R Netton in "Text and Trauma: An East-West Primer" p. The Collection of the Quran. Retrieved 5 November A History of Religions. From the literary point of view, the Koran has little merit.
Declamation, repetition, puerility, a lack of logic and coherence strike the unprepared reader at every turn. It is humiliating to the human intellect to think that this mediocre literature has been the subject of innumerable commentaries, and that millions of men are still wasting time absorbing it. From the Catholic Encyclopedia. The End of Faith: Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason.
If anyone ventures the opinion that the Koran is a mediocre book of religious fiction or that Muhammad was a schizophrenic, he should also be killed. It should go without saying that a desire to kill people for imaginary crimes like apostasy and blasphemy is not an expression of religious moderation. Hashmi, David Miller, Boundaries and Justice: Kim Ezra Shienbaum; Jamal Hasan, eds. An Exegesis on 'Jihad in Islam'. Critical Voices from Inside Islam. Academica Press , LLC. The history of human rights.
Encyclopaedia of Islam - 25 Vols. Peace Movements and Pacifism After September Tolerance and coercion in Islam: The Code for Global Ethics: Toward a Humanist Civilization. Jihad in Islamic history: Jihad in classical and modern Islam: Consider the Zoroastrian community of Persia, which had flourished for more than a thousand years before Muhammad.
Beginning around ad , Muslim armies increasingly encroached on Persia, and within a generation or two most Zoroastrians had either converted to Islam or had fled to India. A similar pattern would occur elsewhere across the Middle East and North Africa, until the reach of Islam eventually extended as far north as the gates of Vienna and as far west as Spain. Christians are to love their enemies Luke 6: The inspired canon of Scripture concludes with the sobering warning that the Bible is not to be added to or taken from Revelation How do Muslims deal with this?
Some Muslims contend that the Bible was originally trustworthy, but that it had become corrupted at some point. This is simply a false and easily disprovable claim. For example, the beautifully preserved Codex Vaticanus, Codex Sinaiticus both ca. They also present Muslims with a dilemma. If the claimed corruption occurred before the time of Muhammad, then why does the Quran refer to the Bible as the word of God and insist it is to be followed Surah 2: Additionally, if the New Testament is the word of God as proclaimed in Surah 5: Furthermore, the Quran teaches that the word of God cannot be changed, and that it must be believed and obeyed Surah 2: And, as has been noted, the Bible has been faithfully preserved through the centuries.
Two of hundreds of examples of the preservation of the Bible are the Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus. These beautiful and complete Bibles are available to view in museums today. These are two of the oldest surviving complete Bibles, assembled ca. Consider that the Codex Sinaiticus , written before the time of Muhammad and surviving on parchment for more than 1, years, contains the same text from the book of Revelation, noted above, which can be translated as plainly as what you will find in your NKJV today: The Bible has not been corrupted; rather, its original text has been preserved accurately through the centuries.
These words are true, trustworthy, final, perfect and infallible.
Criticism of the Quran - Wikipedia
This is the beauty of the Quran; it asks you to reflect and reason… When I read the Quran further, it talked about prayer, kindness and charity. I was not a Muslim yet, but I felt the only answer for me was the Quran and God had sent it to me. Muslims believe that God sent many revelations to humanity throughout history, and over time they underwent changes from their original form.
However, God chose to preserve His message to humanity in His final revelation, the Quran. Yet, one might wonder, which evidence supports the claim that the Quran has never been modified? The Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad p over a period of 23 years. The unique rhythmic style of the Quran made it easy to memorize, which has been the main source of its preservation. Moreover, since Prophet Muhammad p could not read or write, he appointed scribes to record the Quran as it was being revealed to him. Thus, the complete Quran was not only memorized by Prophet Muhammad p and many of his companions, but it also existed in its entirety in written form during his lifetime.
Biography of Muhammad pbuh by a non-Muslim ]. Eventually, several copies of the Quran were compiled in book form and distributed to the major Muslim cities. One such copy is currently at the museum in Tashkent and a facsimile of it, produced in , is available in the Columbia University Library. In his book, An Introduction to Hadith , John Burton explains that oral transmission through the generations aids preservation by diminishing reliance solely on written records.
Manuscripts which are not protected through memorization can be altered, edited or lost overtime.
- The Crystal Crown.
- Vampire Armastus.
- Cry To Me.
- A Warrant to Kill: A True Story of Obsession, Lies and a Killer Cop.
- Is the Quran the Divine Word of God? | The Network.
However, a book that is committed to memory by millions of people across the world over centuries cannot be changed due to the amount of people who know it word-for-word. Many people mistakenly believe that the Quran was authored by Prophet Muhammad p. In fact, the Quran is the preserved speech of God.
At the same time, one might ask, which proofs indicate that the Quran is the Word of God and not the writings of Prophet Muhammad p? In other words, Prophet Muhammad p , who was known to be illiterate, neither read any previous scriptures nor wrote the Quran. Yet, he was willing to forego all worldly glory in order to fulfill his mission. As a result, he suffered patiently through persecution and exile before ultimately succeeding in revolutionizing the entire Arabian Peninsula.
Through it all, God kept on revealing the Quran to him piecemeal. Occasionally, the revelations stopped temporarily, reminding him and others that he had no control over them.
Related Is the Quran the Word of God?
Copyright 2019 - All Right Reserved