This walking tour will begin on Courthouse Square, an area known to George Washington when he worshipped here First Presbyterian Church northwest corner of Carlisle Square. This is the oldest public building in Carlisle. Many Revolutionary War officers were members of this congregation. President George Washington attended service here on Oct. The building contract for the church stipulated that the stonework should be massive at the base, building up to stones of a smaller size.
The chapel and tower were added to the west end of the church in , and in , an educational-social annex was built. Blaine House 4 North Hanover Street. Ephraim Blaine, Commissary General during the Revolutionary War, began construction on this house in Note the brick water table running below the first floor windows and the stringcourses with their flat arches and keystones above the first and second story windows.
The elaborate cornice and the large door with its delicate fanlight add to the beauty of the exterior. The house retains much of its original interior and is the best-preserved 18th century house in Carlisle. The Union Fire Company boasts a proud history of over years. The Company was organized in and later became incorporated by a special act of Pennsylvania legislature in It still operates today under the same name and charter as when the Company was established. The Union Firehouse, built in , has not only been meticulously repaired and maintained, but has a particularly well designed and appropriate hand painted sign.
The first church to meet in Carlisle, the parish is named in honor of St. A rustic log structure was first erected in the s and did double duty for a time as the county courthouse as well as a church. A modest stone colonial church was built in the s. Both of these early church buildings were located adjacent to East High Street, in the area now occupied by the Parish Hall. Work on the present church began in and concluded the following year, making use of stone from the dismantled colonial building.
An original tower on the east end of the church was removed during a large renovation in and the present tower and steeple were erected. Cumberland County Courthouse 1 Courthouse Square. In their plan for Carlisle, the Penn family designated a portion of the Square to be used as a market. At least three market buildings stood here over the years. A s map depicts an open-air building facing High Street. It was destroyed by a violent windstorm in , and a similar structure replaced it the following year.
The last Market House, a grandiose Victorian structure, was built in Market business took place on the open first floor, while the second floor housed various Borough offices. Despite a valiant preservation effort by a group of townspeople and farmers, the building was demolished in ending two centuries of tradition. This classically-themed courthouse was erected in Stephen Duncan, a merchant who came to Carlisle in the s, built this stone house.
Marble stairs and a delicate iron railing lead up to the front door. Fluted pillars and a vaulted ceiling in the entry set off the curving staircase that leads to the third floor. Duncan moved to Philadelphia and sold the house to his brother-in-law, attorney Benjamin Stiles. Stiles sold the house in to Rev. Thorn, an eccentric minister, and his equally eccentric wife Susan Hamilton, daughter of Judge James Hamilton. Thorn died in she bequeathed her fortune to religious and educational institutions.
When this English-looking castle was constructed in it represented the latest fashion in Pennsylvania prison architecture made popular by architect John Haviland. An earlier prison was erected at this location in , and even though it was deemed unfit for human incarceration as early as the s, it remained in use for another 80 years. Escapes were a common occurrence and for years the people of Carlisle pleaded for a new and stronger jail. This prison was built, but determined inmates still managed to regularly break out. Some inmates chipped the plaster and mortar from the walls, removed the stones and crawled through the holes.
Then lowering themselves from the cell block to the ground with blankets, they scaled the outer wall and fled. Others escaped by filing through the iron bars of their cells, and one prisoner even set fire to his flooring planks hoping to escape through the smoke screen. The brownstone used in the construction of the prison was quarried in York County and stones from the first prison were most likely used to make the prison yard walls. While the prison yard was used mainly for exercise, the last hanging in the county took place there in when Charles Salyards was hanged for the murder of policeman Charles E.
Lyon House East High Street. William Lyon, born in Ireland in , built this house in , according to notations in his business record. Lyon served as a First Lieutenant in the Pennsylvania Regiment during the French and Indian War, was a prosperous shopkeeper, and held several offices in county government. It is likely that he used the one-story portion of the house as his office. Tavern keeper John Pollock built the house in the s. The tavern was described in a newspaper advertisement as a foot square stone house with a 25 foot square stone addition that housed a kitchen and bar room on the first floor and lodging rooms on the second floor.
Both buildings are still standing. The tavern had its own brewery and a still in the cellar, and the stone-lined well can still be seen today. This elegant tavern was favored by traveling dancing masters who gave lessons and held candlelight balls here in the 18th and early 19th centuries. The house was updated in the s when a mansard roof and a new cornice were added. Although the windows and doors have been altered, the original stone arches can still be seen at the window and cellar openings.
In the early s the community launched a movement to establish a hospital in Carlisle. Their vision was to offer an avenue through which the poor would receive medical treatment through a charitable institution.
It had one private room. When the doors opened, no rush for treatment occurred. This came about when the Barnum and Bailey Circus came to town. An accident occurred and injured circus employees became the first patients on May Hospital officials were so excited they forgot to call a doctor. The Baird Hospital lasted three years, setting a precedent for the need of such an institution in the community.
Jim Thorpe, PA – America’s ‘Little Switzerland’ beckons your visit
The doors only closed to make way for a new and better hospital. Trent House 7 North East Street. This is one of the few surviving houses in Carlisle built before the Revolutionary War. Note the arched stone lintels over the windows on the first floor. Original windows can be seen in the rear. Dwen Cottage 22 North East Street. Built in , this house is an outstanding example of the Gothic Revival style. Inspired by the work of Andrew Jackson Downing, full-blown Gothic Revival houses such as this are somewhat rare in Pennsylvania.
Log House Mulberry Alley. Although the location of all the doors and windows were altered in the 19th century, this log house most likely dates to the Revolutionary War era. Note the half dovetailed construction at the corners of the house.
John and Jacob Crever of York County, bought this property in and built a brewery and a malt house. The brew house fronted on Louther Street while the tavern fronted on East Street. Pollock House East Louther Street. This 18th century stone house was owned by John Pollock, maltster and tavern keeper. In the property included the present two-story stone house with two kitchens, a brew house, and a back building of log. Except for the addition of a porch, there have been few alterations made to the house.
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This classic 5-bay Georgian-style house with a center hall was built in by tavernkeeper Charles McManus. McManus also built and operated a distillery at the lower end of the lot adjoining the LeTort stream. McManus died in , and the tavern and distillery were sold in This large stone house was built between Built by Saint M. Europe in our backyard A land of enchantment, seemingly locked in a time-warp, exists roughly miles to the west of Kearny, yet many from our region have never even heard of it. This new settlement, surrounded by lofty mountains, drew life from the seasonal transport of anthracite coal along the Lehigh Canal, and later via railroads.
In , former Connecticut carpenter Asa Packer rose to prominence in the region. Using venture capital, Packer parlayed his assets into a sizeable share of the coal market. So sizeable, in fact, that by he had become the wealthiest man in Mauch Chunk. In , this master-of-all-he-surveyed built a magnificent Italianate mansion on a bluff overlooking the town.
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The house stands to this very day. In , Mauch Chunk found itself in economic decline. Looking to bolster its faltering economy, the town fathers struck a deal with the widow of famed Olympic Decathlon Champion Jim Thorpe who spent his teen years in Carlisle, Pa.. In order to promote tourism, they would reinter Thorpe, then buried in Oklahoma, in a fitting memorial site in return for her permission to name the town after him.
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She agreed and the name change took effect. Today, the village of Jim Thorpe stands transformed. From its restored Victorian shops and restaurants, to the myriad outdoor activities that act as an additional lure, the town has become a great American success story. The thing about Jim Thorpe that strikes most people is its supremely quaint look. If a visitor arrives via Route , they will first see the town from high above. At the center of town, visitors will find a circa train station that features scenic excursions. Glen Onoko Gorge is situated just north of town.
It contains hiking trails that lead to foottall Onoko Falls, as well as a multitude of scenic overlooks. The Lehigh Gorge trail also runs through here. Bicyclists will delight in its relative flatness as they follow it north toward White Haven, Pa. If that seems too tame, Jim Thorpe is noted for some of the wildest and woolliest single-track mountain bike trails in the east.
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