The Covenanters were presbyterians who had supported the Restoration of Charles II on promises of a Presbyterian settlement, but he had instead reintroduced Episcopalian church government with draconian penalties for Presbyterian worship. This led to the destitution of around ministers who had refused to take an oath of allegiance and submit themselves to bishops, and who continued to conduct worship among a remnant of their flock in caves and other remote country spots.
The relentless persecution of these conventicles and attempts to break them up by military force had led to open revolt. The story is told from the point of view of Henry Morton, a moderate Presbyterian, who is unwittingly drawn into the conflict and barely escapes summary execution. In writing Old Mortality Scott drew upon the knowledge he had acquired from his researches into ballads on the subject for The Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border.
A recent critic, who is a legal as well as a literary scholar, argues that Old Mortality not only reflects the dispute between Stuart's absolute monarchy and the jurisdiction of the courts, but also invokes a foundational moment in British sovereignty, namely, the Habeas Corpus Act also known as the Great Writ , passed by the English Parliament in Ivanhoe , set in 12th-century England, marked a move away from Scott's focus on the local history of Scotland.
Based partly on Hume's History of England and the ballad cycle of Robin Hood , Ivanhoe was quickly translated into many languages and inspired countless imitations and theatrical adaptations.
Ivanhoe depicts the cruel tyranny of the Norman overlords Norman Yoke over the impoverished Saxon populace of England, with two of the main characters, Rowena and Locksley Robin Hood , representing the dispossessed Saxon aristocracy. When the protagonists are captured and imprisoned by a Norman baron, Scott interrupts the story to exclaim:.
It is grievous to think that those valiant barons, to whose stand against the crown the liberties of England were indebted for their existence, should themselves have been such dreadful oppressors, and capable of excesses contrary not only to the laws of England, but to those of nature and humanity. The institution of the Magna Carta , which happens outside the time frame of the story, is portrayed as a progressive incremental reform, but also as a step towards the recovery of a lost golden age of liberty endemic to England and the English system.
Scott puts a derisive prophecy in the mouth of the jester Wamba:. Norman saw on English oak. Although on the surface an entertaining escapist romance, alert contemporary readers would have quickly recognised the political subtext of Ivanhoe , which appeared immediately after the English Parliament, fearful of French-style revolution in the aftermath of Waterloo , had passed the Habeas Corpus Suspension acts of and and other extremely repressive measures, and when traditional English Charter rights versus revolutionary human rights was a topic of discussion.
Ivanhoe was also remarkable in its sympathetic portrayal of Jewish characters: Rebecca, considered by many critics the book's real heroine, does not in the end get to marry Ivanhoe, whom she loves, but Scott allows her to remain faithful to her own religion, rather than having her convert to Christianity.
Likewise, her father, Isaac of York, a Jewish moneylender, is shown as a victim rather than a villain.
In Ivanhoe , which is one of Scott's Waverley novels, religious and sectarian fanatics are the villains, while the eponymous hero is a bystander who must weigh the evidence and decide where to take a stand. Scott's positive portrayal of Judaism, which reflects his humanity and concern for religious toleration, also coincided with a contemporary movement for the Emancipation of the Jews in England.
Scott's fame grew as his explorations and interpretations of Scottish history and society captured popular imagination. During the years of the Protectorate under Cromwell the Crown Jewels had been hidden away, but had subsequently been used to crown Charles II. They were not used to crown subsequent monarchs, but were regularly taken to sittings of Parliament, to represent the absent monarch, until the Act of Union Thereafter, the honours were stored in Edinburgh Castle, but the large locked box in which they were stored was not opened for more than years, and stories circulated that they had been "lost" or removed.
In , Scott and a small team of military men opened the box, and "unearthed" the honours from the Crown Room in the depths of Edinburgh Castle. After George's accession to the throne, the city council of Edinburgh invited Scott, at the King's behest, to stage-manage the visit of King George IV to Scotland. He used the event to contribute to the drawing of a line under an old world that pitched his homeland into regular bouts of bloody strife. He, along with his "production team", mounted what in modern days could be termed a PR event, in which the King was dressed in tartan , and was greeted by his people, many of whom were also dressed in similar tartan ceremonial dress.
This form of dress, proscribed after the rebellion against the English, became one of the seminal, potent and ubiquitous symbols of Scottish identity. In his novel Kenilworth , Elizabeth I is welcomed to the castle of that name by means of an elaborate pageant, the details of which Scott was well qualified to itemize. Much of Scott's autograph work shows an almost stream-of-consciousness approach to writing. He included little in the way of punctuation in his drafts, leaving such details to the printers to supply.
He kept up his prodigious output of fiction, as well as producing a biography of Napoleon Bonaparte , until By then his health was failing, but he nevertheless undertook a grand tour of Europe, and was welcomed and celebrated wherever he went. He returned to Scotland and, in September , during the epidemic in Scotland that year, died of typhus  at Abbotsford, the home he had designed and had built, near Melrose in the Scottish Borders. His wife, Lady Scott, had died in and was buried as an Episcopalian. Two Presbyterian ministers and one Episcopalian officiated at his funeral.
Scott's eldest son, Lt Walter Scott, inherited his father's estate and possessions. Scott was raised a Presbyterian but later also adhered to the Scottish Episcopal Church. Many have suggested this demonstrates both his nationalistic and unionistic tendencies. His distant cousin was the poet Randall Swingler.
When Scott was a boy, he sometimes travelled with his father from Selkirk to Melrose, where some of his novels are set. At a certain spot the old gentleman would stop the carriage and take his son to a stone on the site of the Battle of Melrose During the summers from , Scott made his home at the large house of Ashestiel, on the south bank of the River Tweed 6 miles 9.
When his lease on this property expired in , Scott bought Cartley Hole Farm, downstream on the Tweed nearer Melrose. Scott was a pioneer of the Scottish Baronial style of architecture, therefore Abbotsford is festooned with turrets and stepped gabling. Through windows enriched with the insignia of heraldry the sun shone on suits of armour, trophies of the chase, a library of more than 9, volumes, fine furniture, and still finer pictures. Panelling of oak and cedar and carved ceilings relieved by coats of arms in their correct colours added to the beauty of the house. More land was purchased until Scott owned nearly 1, acres 4.
A Roman road with a ford near Melrose used in olden days by the abbots of Melrose suggested the name of Abbotsford. Scott was buried in Dryburgh Abbey , where his wife had earlier been interred. Nearby is a large statue of William Wallace , one of Scotland's many romanticised historical figures. Although he continued to be extremely popular and widely read, both at home and abroad,  Scott's critical reputation declined in the last half of the 19th century as serious writers turned from romanticism to realism, and Scott began to be regarded as an author suitable for children. This trend accelerated in the 20th century.
For example, in his classic study Aspects of the Novel , E. Forster harshly criticized Scott's clumsy and slapdash writing style, "flat" characters, and thin plots. In contrast, the novels of Scott's contemporary Jane Austen , once appreciated only by the discerning few including, as it happened, Scott himself rose steadily in critical esteem, though Austen, as a female writer, was still faulted for her narrow "feminine" choice of subject matter, which, unlike Scott, avoided the grand historical themes traditionally viewed as masculine.
Nevertheless, Scott's importance as an innovator continued to be recognized. He was acclaimed as the inventor of the genre of the modern historical novel which others trace to Jane Porter , whose work in the genre predates Scott's and the inspiration for enormous numbers of imitators and genre writers both in Britain and on the European continent. In the cultural sphere, Scott's Waverley novels played a significant part in the movement begun with James Macpherson 's Ossian cycle in rehabilitating the public perception of the Scottish Highlands and its culture, which had been formerly suppressed as barbaric, and viewed in the southern mind as a breeding ground of hill bandits, religious fanaticism, and Jacobite rebellions.
His own contribution to the reinvention of Scottish culture was enormous, even though his re-creations of the customs of the Highlands were fanciful at times, despite his extensive travels around his native country. It is a testament to Scott's contribution in creating a unified identity for Scotland that Edinburgh's central railway station, opened in by the North British Railway , is called Waverley. The fact that Scott was a Lowland Presbyterian , rather than a Gaelic-speaking Catholic Highlander, made him more acceptable to a conservative English reading public.
Scott's novels were certainly influential in the making of the Victorian craze for all things Scottish among British royalty, who were anxious to claim legitimacy through their rather attenuated historical connection with the royal house of Stuart. At the time Scott wrote, Scotland was poised to move away from an era of socially divisive clan warfare to a modern world of literacy and industrial capitalism.
Through the medium of Scott's novels, the violent religious and political conflicts of the country's recent past could be seen as belonging to history—which Scott defined, as the subtitle of Waverley "'Tis Sixty Years Since" indicates, as something that happened at least 60 years ago. Scott's advocacy of objectivity and moderation and his strong repudiation of political violence on either side also had a strong, though unspoken, contemporary resonance in an era when many conservative English speakers lived in mortal fear of a revolution in the French style on British soil.
Scott's orchestration of King George IV's visit to Scotland , in , was a pivotal event intended to inspire a view of his home country that, in his view, accentuated the positive aspects of the past while allowing the age of quasi-medieval blood-letting to be put to rest, while envisioning a more useful, peaceful future. After Scott's work had been essentially unstudied for many decades, a revival of critical interest began from the s. Postmodern tastes favoured discontinuous narratives and the introduction of the "first person", yet they were more favourable to Scott's work than Modernist tastes.
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Scott is now seen as an important innovator and a key figure in the development of Scottish and world literature, and particularly as the principal inventor of the historical novel. In Edinburgh, the It was completed in , 12 years after Scott's death, and dominates the south side of Princes Street. Scott is also commemorated on a stone slab in Makars' Court , outside The Writers' Museum, Lawnmarket , Edinburgh, along with other prominent Scottish writers; quotes from his work are also visible on the Canongate Wall of the Scottish Parliament building in Holyrood.
There is a tower dedicated to his memory on Corstorphine Hill in the west of the city and, as mentioned, Edinburgh's Waverley railway station takes its name from one of his novels. Designed by David Rhind in , the monument features a large column topped by a statue of Scott. Numerous Masonic Lodges have been named after him and his novels. Lodge Sir Walter Scott, No. The award has been presented at Scott's historic home, Abbotsford House. Scott has been credited with rescuing the Scottish banknote.
In , there was outrage in Scotland at the attempt of Parliament to prevent the production of banknotes of less than five pounds. Sign In Register Help Cart 0. Classic Literature English Fiction. Waverley By Scott, Sir Walter. He was educated in Edinburgh and called to the bar in , succeeding his father as Writer to the Signet, then Clerk of Session. He published anonymous translations of German Romantic poetry from , in which year he also married. In he published his first major work, a romantic poem called The Lay of the Last Minstrel , became a partner in a printing business, and several other long poems followed, including Marmion and The Lady of the Lake These poems found acclaim and great popularity, but from and the publication of Waverley , Scott turned almost exclusively to novel-writing, albeit anonymously.
A hugely prolific period of writing produced over twenty-five novels, including Rob Roy , The Heart of Midlothian , The Bride of Lammermoor , Kenilworth and Redgauntlet Already sheriff-depute of Selkirkshire, Scott was created a baronet in The printing business in which Scott was a partner ran into financial difficulties in , and Scott devoted his energies to work in order to repay the firm's creditors, publishing many more novels, dramatic works, histories and a life of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Log-in or create an account first! Published by Ticknor and Fields, Engraved title to second volume only.
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Two volumes bound in one. Nineteenth century brown cloth, leather label with gilt letters at foot of spine of Y[oung] M[en's] M[ercantile] L[ibrary] A[ssociation] [of Cinncinnati]. Label quite rubbed, cloth frayed and rubbed along joints and extremities, shaken, lacking leaves preceding dedication leaf other than blank, marginal browning, ex-library with lettering on spine, bookplate removed, stamp on a leaf, else a good copy.
James Cummins Bookseller Published: Nineteenth century brown cloth, leather label with gilt letters at foot of spine of Y[oung] M[en's. Archibald Constable and Co. Second Edition of the first of The Waverley Novels published five weeks after the first edition with minor revisions and one new paragraph volume II, p. This is an extra-illustrated Grangerized edition containing 17 engravings of portraits and views, minor wear. Tipped-in volume I is a facsimile of a holograph letter from Sir Walter Scott to bookseller Charles Tilt thanking him for his present of illustrations for Waverley.
The original of this letter identified Scott as the author of Waverley, which was published anonymously. Waverley Sir Walter Scott Ships with Tracking Number! Buy with confidence, excellent customer service! May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. The Heart of Midlothian has micronick at middle of long front edge, frontispiece illustrating page , scratch to exterior long pages' edge at bottom, pages, final page uncut.
Quentin Durward has frontispiece of p. Edward encounters a half-wit servant David Gellatley who introduces him to the butler. Edward encounters Rose Bradwardine and her father, who gives an account of four guests expected for dinner. Bradwardine reconciles Edward and an apologetic Balmawhapple. Rose tells Gellatley's story. After hunting with Bradwardine, Edward is entertained by Rose, who tells how Gellatley's mother Janet had been regarded as a witch. Prompted by Gellatley, Edward discovers that Bradwardine has fought Balmawhapple on his behalf.
Rose is increasingly attracted by Edward. Some six weeks into Edward's stay theTully-Veolan cattle are stolen, Bradwardine having refused to continue paying 'black-mail' to Fergus Mac-Ivor. Evan Dhu Maccombich arrives from Fergus to make peace, and Edward sets out with him to experience the Highlands. The narrator provides a sketch of Fergus, who escorts Edward to his house of Glennaquoich. Flora explains Highland minstrelsy to Edward and sings a song to a harp by a waterfall.
Flora expresses to Edward her view of Bradwardine and Rose. Edward is injured during a stag-hunt and recuperates for a week before returning to Glennaquoich. Letters from England inform Edward that his father has engaged in political intrigue and been dismissed from government service. He also receives a peremptory note from Colonel G— demanding his immediate return, to which he responds by resigning his commission.
After showing Edward a newspaper report of his replacement as captain Fergus indicates that he can help him to be revenged for the injustice. After expressing reservations about Edward joining the Jacobites, Flora asks for an hour to consider his profession of love for her. Flora indicates to Edward that she can never fulfil his idea of domestic happiness and urges him to return to England. Gellatley delivers a letter from Rose warning Edward that a search for him is under way.https://marosubvegan.gq/science-experiments-and-measurement/esnaolvira.pdf
He decides to go to Edinburgh to justify his conduct. Callum Beg escorts Edward to the Lowlands. Before an innkeeper Ebenezer Cruickshanks takes over as guide, Callum gives Edward a letter from Fergus enclosing a poem by Flora on the grave of an English captain. A political altercation between a blacksmith Micklewrath and his wife results in Edward being suspected of Jacobite allegiance; he shoots in self-defence, wounding the smith.
Edward is examined by the Justice of the Peace Major Mellville, with Mr Morton the minister; the case against him mounts up, including evidence that by means of an agent he had tempted his compatriot Sergeant Houghton to desert to the Jacobite cause. Morton and Mellville discuss Edward's case, and the Colonel decides to ask the Cameronian Gilfillan to escort him to Stirling. Edward shares an increasingly relaxed meal with Mellville and Morton which is interrupted by the sound of Gilfillan's drum. Gilfillan's band is joined by a pretended pedlar whose whistle prompts eight Highlanders to rescue Edward.
Edward is tended in a hut by Janet and a mysterious female. Alice Bean Lean draws his attention as she puts a packet in his portmanteau. After passing English troops, Edward is conducted to Doune Castle. Edward is conducted to Edinburgh by a party under Balmawhapple. Fergus introduces Edward to Prince Charles, to whom he gives his allegiance.
Fergus tells Edward he is sure that the apparent pedlar in Ch. They are joined by Bradwardine. Edward is provided with a tartan outfit. Fergus, Bradwardine, and Macwheeble discuss the forthcoming battle. On the eve of battle Edward is encouraged by Charles in his pursuit of Flora and impresses her with his spirited conduct at the ball. Edward encounters the mortally wounded Houghton, who has been reduced to the ranks.
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Edward, though tormented by the thought that he is a traitor, joins in the preparations for battle. Bradwardine is worried he may not be able to carry out his feudal duty of taking off Charles's boots since he wears brogues, but he finds a pedantic solution. Committed by Charles to Edward's care Talbot agrees not to attempt to escape without his knowledge. Edward examines the packet in his portmanteau which contain earlier letters from Colonel G— requesting his return from the Highlands. Further details provided by John Hodges amplified by the narrator make clear Donald Bean Lean's role in pretending to be Edward's agent as the pedlar Ruthven or Ruffen.
Edward gets to know the manly but prejudiced Talbot better and is increasingly attracted by Rose. Flora tells Rose that Edward is destined to domestic tranquillity. Fergus informs Edward that he intended to marry Rose, but that Charles has indicated her affections are engaged elsewhere. Flora uses a reading of Romeo and Juliet to direct Edward towards Rose rather than herself. Edward learns from Talbot that his wife, distressed by the news from Scotland, has lost her baby and is seriously ill. As the Jacobite army marches south Fergus expresses his anger at Edward's rejection of Flora.
Callum fires at Edward, who he thinks has insulted the clan, and is struck senseless by Fergus. Fergus instigates a duel with Edward, but Charles interrupts them and explains that he had mistakenly taken Edward to be Rose's accepted lover. In Cumberland Fergus tells Edward that he has seen the Bodach glas, a spirit foretelling his own imminent death. Their party is defeated in a skirmish. Learning from a newspaper of his father's death and of Sir Everard's impending trial for high treason in his nephew's absence, Edward makes his way to London; he is embarrassed en route by the enquires of Mrs Nosebag, a military wife.
Talbot tells Edward that the report of Sir Everard's accusation is false and arranges for him to travel back to Scotland posing as his nephew. After being informed by Mrs Flockhart, Fergus's Edinburgh landlady, that the chieftain is to stand trial at Carlisle, Edward makes his way to a vandalised Tully-Veolan where Gellatley leads him to Bradwardine in Janet's hut.
At dawn Edward escorts Bradwardine to his hiding-place in a cave. Janet explains some remaining mysteries, including the fact that Rose was the mysterious female in attendance in Ch. Edward visits Baillie Macwheeble and receives a letter from Talbot with royal pardons for Bradwardine and himself. In Edinburgh Talbot says he can do nothing to save Fergus. Edward reaches Carlyle as Fergus and Maccombich are sentenced and has an interview with Flora. The wedding party visit Tully-Veolan, marvellously repaired, and Talbot indicates that he has arranged for it to be restored to Bradwardine and his heirs from the family member to whom it had passed on the baron's forfeiture.
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