Subjects Mental Health Services. Burn out Psychology Mental health personnel -- Job stress.
Health Personnel -- psychology. Contents Machine generated contents note: Do staff support groups work? The insider as facilitator: Working with staff dynamics in an educational setting: Includes bibliographical references and index. View online Borrow Buy Freely available Show 0 more links Set up My libraries How do I set up "My libraries"? These 6 locations in All: Open to the public Book English Deakin University.
Open to the public ; Not open to the public ; Open in a separate window. Residential and sober living Since the s, a variety of residential options have emerged to help people with alcohol and drug addictions. Treatment and community settings Recently, there has been a dramatic rise in the adoption of alternative forms of peer support services within treatment and community settings to assist recovery from substance use disorders, because of the potential benefits offered to patients.
Existing systematic peer support reviews Bassuk et al 65 conducted a systematic review of the evidence on the effectiveness of peer support services for people in recovery from alcohol and drug addiction, which resulted in nine studies meeting the criteria for inclusion in the review. Methods To effectively complete the review, the authors used a combination of searches on electronic scientific databases and screening results cross-checking the eligibility criteria to reduce the number of studies included in this article.
Study identification and screening: Phase II The following keywords were used to identify all articles associated with several domains: Initial eligibility By design, this discussion is limited to studies that included a peer support group component that: Final selection Of the 16 records, ten articles were selected to be included in the article. Results The literature search revealed articles that support the use of peer support services that include peer support groups within addiction treatment to address: Table 2 Included studies utilizing peer support groups.
Engagement to treatment Beyond associated reductions in alcohol and drug use, services that have included peer support groups have been utilized to engage substance-using populations in treatment. Secondary substance-related outcomes Craving has been associated with use of substances. Discussion Despite the recent surge in the adoption of peer support services within addiction treatment systems, there are relatively limited data rigorously evaluating outcomes. Footnotes Disclosure The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.
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Benefits of peer support groups in the treatment of addiction
National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health. Published online Apr Find articles by Tamaki Sono. This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License http: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract We conducted a comprehensive narrative review and used a systematic search strategy to identify studies related to peer support among adults with mental health difficulties.
We searched for the following combinations of keywords: Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria Studies were included if they aimed to provide support by and for adults with mental health difficulties. Open in a separate window. Identification and selection of articles for inclusion in this review. Principles of Peer Support. Study Principles Chinman et al. Hodges [ 16 ] Peers who understand what the experience of having a mental illness is like are providing services to their fellow consumers with mental illnesses, despite the differences in operational and organizational structures between these service modalities.
Categories of Peer Support The reviewed studies were divided into three categories: Program Description and Outcomes of Peer Support. Clients served by a consumer team were less satisfied with mental health treatment. No difference between the intervention group and the control group. Corrigan [ 29 ] Consumer-operated services. Mutual Help Groups Galanter [ 31 ] Self-help program designed by a psychiatrist to help participants cope with general psychiatric disorders. The results showed that providing peer support is more beneficial than receiving it.
The group has 16 minute sessions biweekly over 8 months. Outcomes, Effects and Benefits of Peer Support Receiving Peer Support As mentioned above, the effects of receiving peer support are broad and include not only clinical effects, such as QOL or the hospitalization rate, but also personal and emotional effects, such as feelings of understanding or trust. Providing Peer Support In addition to the benefits of peer support for recipients, some research has focused on the benefits to peer-support providers.
Co-existing with Peer Support Peer support provided benefits for its recipients and providers as well as for other people, such as colleagues of peer-support providers. Participants emphasized their relationship as empathetic human beings and reciprocal relationships.
Through their changed sense of identity, they experienced positive changes in QOL. Consumers as community support workers can make distinctive contributions to the support of their peers within the community and on the jobsite. Many benefits accrue to the peer-support specialists, but benefits identified for the mental health system appeared to be more limited, at least according to the PSS perspective. Challenges were negative feelings about the team process. The drawback was the high incidence of sick leave. Semi-structured telephone interviews and focus groups.
Respondents identified attitudes toward recovery, role conflict, lack of policies and practices around confidentiality, poorly defined job structure and lack of support for peer providers. Consumer-providers provide a wide range of recovery-oriented services and are valued by staff and consumers. An in-depth, semi-structured interview. Central challenges included defining and establishing roles, balancing tensions between the peer and staff roles, negotiating the challenges of being a role model, transitioning identity from consumer to provider and fitting in or being accepted in the workplace.
Boundaries Boundary issues were commonly observed in studies that investigated the experiences of peer-support providers [ 40 - 42 , 50 , 51 ]. Disclosure of Peer Status Disclosure of peer status was perceived as a key factor that affected peer integration. Role Ambiguity Many studies mentioned that peer-support providers found their role ambiguous, and staff members, including administrators, were unsure of the role of the peer-support staff members [ 41 , 42 , 50 , 51 , 54 ].
Low Compensation A number of studies reported that peer-support providers claimed to be poorly compensated [ 40 - 42 , 50 ]. Limited Hours of Work Limited hours of work for peer-support providers led to another challenge: Mead S, Copeland ME. What recovery means to us consumers' perspectives.
Commun Ment Health J.
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Chronicity reconsidered improving person-environment fit through a consumer-run service. Peer support among consumers of professional mental health services Implications for practice policy and research. J Hum Behav Soc Environ. Initial evaluation of the Peer-to-Peer program. Beyond generic support incidence and impact of invalidation in peer services for clients with severe mental illness. The treatment relationship in peer-based and regular case management for clients with severe mental illness.
The efficacy of a consumer case management team: J Mental Health Admin. Satisfaction with mental health treatment in a randomized trial of consumer case management. J Nervous Mental Dis. The working alliance and consumer case management. Consumers as peer specialists on intensive case management teams impact on client outcomes. Gammonley D, Luken K. Peer education and advocacy through recreation and leadership.
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Impact of consumer-operated services on empowerment and recovery of people with psychiatric disabilities. Zealous self-help groups as adjuncts to psychiatric treatment: Segal SP, Silverman C. Determinants of client outcomes in self-help agencies. Self-esteem selfefficacy and the balance of peer support among persons with chronic mental health problems. J Appl Soc Psychol. Mowbray CT, Tan C. Consumer-operated drop-in centers evaluation of operations and impact. Putting values into practice public policy and the future of mental health consumerrun organizations. A model of consumer-provider partnership:
Related Staff Support Groups in the Helping Professions: Principles, Practice and Pitfalls
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