Tommy Gun

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Once in extensive use among US troops during WWII, as well as British forces supplied by the US Army, [1] this weapon now sees use for mowing down other players unfortunate enough to be caught in its line of fire. This weapon was introduced in the Alpha 2 Test of As of the September Update of the weapon was removed from air drops , it now spawns as loot on the island.

Firing the slow but hard-hitting. Extended magazines are highly recommended as the reload time remains unchanged, while magazine capacity is almost doubled. Early Access September Update - v2. The following are all attachments available for this weapon.

Thompson submachine gun | History & Specifications |

They are sorted alphabetically with no regard to the attachment point utilized. Ryan , and started the Auto-Ordnance Company in for the purpose of developing his "auto rifle". It was primarily developed in Cleveland, Ohio. Payne, and George E. By late , the limits of the Blish Principle were discovered: It was found that the only cartridge currently in U.

Thompson then envisioned a "one-man, hand-held machine gun" in.

Thompson submachine gun

Payne designed the gun itself and its stick and drum magazines. The project was then titled "Annihilator I" and by , most of the design issues had been resolved. However, the war ended two days before prototypes could be shipped to Europe. At an Auto-Ordnance board meeting in to discuss the marketing of the "Annihilator", with the war now over, the weapon was officially renamed the "Thompson Submachine Gun".

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While other weapons had been developed shortly prior with similar objectives in mind, the Thompson was the first weapon to be labeled and marketed as a "submachine gun". The Thompson first entered production as the M It was available to civilians, although poor sales resulted from the expense of the weapon: M Thompsons were sold in small quantities to the United States Postal Inspection Service [25] to protect the mail from a spate of robberies [26] and to the United States Marine Corps.

Federal sales were followed by sales to several police departments in the US and minor international sales to various armies and constabulary forces, chiefly in Central and South America. It was popular with the Marines as a point-defense weapon for countering ambush by Nicaraguan guerrillas , and led to the organization of four-man fire teams with as much firepower as a nine-man rifle squad.

The remainder made their way to the Irish Republican Army by way of Liverpool and were used in the last month of the Irish War of Independence — The Thompson achieved most of its early notoriety in the hands of Prohibition and Depression -era gangsters , motorized bandits and the lawmen who pursued them, and in Hollywood films about their exploits, most notably in the St Valentine's Day Massacre.

The two Thompson guns used in the massacre, called "the most famous murder weapons in the world", are still held by the Berrien County Sheriff's Department. In , the Cutts Compensator a muzzle brake was offered as an option for the M; Thompsons with the compensator were cataloged as No. Nationalist China acquired a quantity for use against Japanese land forces, and eventually began producing copies of the Thompson in small quantities for use by its armies and militias.

In , the Thompson submachine gun was adopted by the U. Military users of the MA1 had complaints about the "L" fifty-round drum magazine; the British Army officially criticised "their excessive weight, the rattling sound they made" and shipped thousands back to the U. The Thompson had to be cocked, bolt retracted ready to fire, to attach the drum. It attached and detached by sliding sideways, which made magazine changes slow and also created difficulty in clearing a cartridge malfunction "jam". Reloading an empty drum with cartridges was an involved process.

In contrast, the "XX" twenty-round box magazine was light and compact, it tended not to rattle, and could be inserted with the bolt safely closed. It was quickly attached and detached and was removed downward, making clearing jams easier. The box tripped the bolt open lock when empty, facilitating magazine changes. An empty box was easily reloaded with loose rounds. However, users complained it was limited in capacity. In the field, some soldiers taped two "XX" magazines together in what would be known as "jungle style" to speed magazine changes.

Testers considered both superior to either the "XX" box or "L" drum. The round box was approved as standard in December to replace the "XX" and "L" magazines. M1s were made by Savage Arms and by Auto-Ordnance.

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M1s were issued with the round box magazine and would accept the earlier round box, but would not accept the drum magazine. The Thompson was used in World War II in the hands of Allied troops as a weapon for scouts, non-commissioned officers corporal , sergeant , and higher , and patrol leaders, as well as commissioned officers, tank crewmen, and soldiers performing raids on German positions. In the European theater, the gun was widely utilized in British and Canadian commando units, as well as in the U. Army paratrooper and Ranger battalions , where it was issued more frequently than in line infantry units because of its high rate of fire and its stopping power, which made it very effective in the kinds of close combat these special operations troops were expected to undertake.

Military Police were fond of it, as were paratroopers, who "borrowed" Thompsons from members of mortar squads for use on patrols behind enemy lines. Through Lend-Lease , the Soviet Union also received the Thompson, but due to a shortage of appropriate ammunition, its use was not widespread. They used the Thompson extensively in jungle patrols and ambushes , where it was prized for its firepower, though it was criticized for its hefty weight and poor reliability.

Difficulties in supply eventually led to its replacement in Australian Army units in by other submachine guns such as the Owen and Austen. New Zealand commando forces initially used Thompsons but switched them for the more reliable, lighter, and more accurate Owen during the Solomon Islands and Guadalcanal campaigns.

Marines also used the Thompson as a limited-issue weapon, especially during their later island assaults. The Thompson was soon found to have limited effect in heavy jungle cover, where the low- velocity. In , the Army had rejected the. Army, many Pacific War jungle patrols were originally equipped with Thompsons in the early phases of the New Guinea and Guadalcanal campaigns, but soon began employing the Browning Automatic Rifle in its place as a point defense weapon.

The Army introduced the U.

M3 and M3A1 submachine guns in with plans to produce the latter in numbers sufficient to cancel future orders for the Thompson, while gradually withdrawing it from the first-line service. Thompson submachine guns were used by both sides during the Arab-Israeli war.

During the Greek Civil War , the Thompson submachine gun was used by both sides. The Hellenic Armed Forces , gendarmerie and police units were equipped with Thompson submachine guns supplied by the British and later in the war by the United States. The opposing Communist fighters of the Democratic Army of Greece were also using Thompson submachine guns, either captured from government forces or inherited from ELAS.

ELAS was the strongest of the resistance forces during the period of Greek Resistance against the Germans and Italians and were supplied with arms from both the British and the United States. After the demobilization of ELAS, an unspecified number of arms were not surrendered to the government but kept hidden, and were later used by the Democratic Army of Greece.

Captured examples were later used by Indonesian forces against Dutch forces. By the time of the Korean War , the Thompson had seen much use by the U. Many Thompsons were distributed to Chinese armed forces as military aid before the fall of Chiang Kai-shek 's government to Mao Zedong 's Communist forces in during the Chinese Civil War. During the Korean War, American troops were surprised to encounter Chinese Communist troops heavily armed with Thompsons, especially during surprise night assaults. The gun's ability to deliver large quantities of short-range automatic assault fire proved very useful in both defense and assault during the early part of the conflict.

Many of these weapons were captured and placed into service with American soldiers and Marines for the balance of the war. These guns were used during the Yugoslav Wars in the s. During the Cuban Revolution , the Thompson submachine gun was used by some of Fidel Castro's guerrillas. During the Vietnam War , some South Vietnamese army units and defense militia were armed with Thompson submachine guns, and a few of these weapons were used by reconnaissance units, advisors, and other American troops.

It was later replaced by the M16 assault rifle. Not only did some U. The Viet Cong liked the weapon and used both captured models as well as manufacturing their own copies in small jungle workshops. The Australian government destroyed most of their Thompson machine carbines in the s. They shipped their remaining stocks to arm the forces of Lon Nol 's Khmer Republic in They were then captured and used by the Khmer Rouge. In the conflict in Northern Ireland , known as the Troubles — , the Thompson was again used by the Irish Republican paramilitaries.

The Thompson was also used by U. The FBI used Thompsons until they were declared obsolete and ordered destroyed in the early s. Because of their quality and craftsmanship, as well as their gangster-era and WWII connections, Thompsons are sought as collector's items. There were fewer than 40 pre-production prototypes. In , the U. Navy ordered Thompsons but requested a lower rate of fire. Thompson requested Payne develop a method of reducing the cyclic rate of fire. This was one of the major complaints about the weapon by U.

Army personnel to whom it was issued. Although the drum magazine provided significant firepower, in military service it was found to be overly heavy and bulky, especially when slung on the shoulder while marching. The Thompson was one of the earliest submachine guns to incorporate a double-column, double-feed box magazine design, which undoubtedly contributed to the gun's reputation for reliability. In addition, the gun performed better than most after exposure to rain, dirt, and mud.

The selective-fire semi- or fully automatic Thompson fires from the "open bolt" position, in which the bolt is held fully to rearward by the sear when cocked. When the trigger is depressed, the bolt is released, traveling forward to chamber and simultaneously fire the first and subsequent rounds until either the trigger is released or the ammunition is exhausted. This eliminates the risk of " cook-off ", which can sometimes occur in closed-bolt automatic weapons.

The Thompson submachine gun varies in field strip procedure, depending on the variant. Its rate-of-fire was listed at an amazing 1, rounds-per-minute and was demonstrated to the US Military in though only some New York City Police sales amounted. Model became the first quantitative production model of any Thompson submachine gun totaling some 15, examples in all. Rate-of-fire was listed at rounds-per-minute and became a favorite of Prohibition-era gangsters and police forces alike. This model operated with the. The Model also brought along new changes to the Thompson submachine gun family line in that it introduced a bipod, bayonet lug, sling and horizontal forearm.

As such, now further thought to adopting the Model was given. Model was based on the M but fitted with an open bolt assembly and offering a semi-automatic fire mode only conversion to full-automatic mode was simple enough however. The Model MA1 also "Thompson Semi-Automatic Carbine" was a semi-automatic version produced for the civilian market between and Production was handled by Kahr Arms of Massachusetts. The Model A5 became a semi-automatic. Production is still ongoing. The Navy requested that the cyclic rate-of-fire be brought down so Model s were essentially Model s with added weight in the actuator.

With the arrival of World War 2 in Europe, the Model began to see large production orders. These weapons were issued to reconnaissance and armor group elements and featured selective fire settings for semi- or full-automatic modes along with a removable buttstock. Fire selection was via a switch along the left side of the body while the buttstock was removable via two screws along the underside - though the buttstock was generally left on to help in stabilizing aim.

Additionally, some were produced without the horizontal foregrip and made with a vertical one instead. The charging handle was fitted to the top of the receiver and cooling fins were apparent along the barrel. The gun was fed via a or round detachable box magazine or a round drum and utilized.

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Magazine counts also included a little-known round magazine and a round drum. The rate-of-fire was between and rounds-per-minute. A Cutt's muzzle compensator was added in an attempt to divert gasses upwards and keep the barrel down when firing. This proved of limited value and added more complexity to the build, being left off of later MA1 production examples. The MA1 maintained a length of The barrel measured at For all intents and purposes, however, the MA1 proved much too heavy for the standard infantryman to lug around all day and too expensive to produce in wartime.

The drum magazine - while sound in theory - proved to add much unneeded extra weight and made for too much noise when silence was imperative. The MA1 was based highly on the Model before it and entered service from through Full-scale production of the type did not begin until however.


A "Navy" model of the MA1 existed and this was denoted by the use of a horizontal foregrip, muzzle compensator and swivel slings. Civilian models of the time were noted for their vertical foregrip - then and now made more famous by police and gangsters of the s as well as Hollywood icons of the time.

MA1's saw action with American forces in Nicaragua and were also utilized by the US Coast Guard for a time as well as other home guard and second-line units.

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By the time World War 2 came to America's door, the MA1 proved too expensive to produce in the large quantities needed. As such, the M1 and M1A1 appeared as relatively inexpensive alternatives to the complicated and expensive MA1. Savage Arms Corporation was already manufacturing the MA1 at its plant and needed to push more out the door with Lend-Lease orders coming in.

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