Historiography of World War II
And they persisted in pursuing the status of a global power with a special link to the English-speaking superpower across the Atlantic. The man who had defiantly declared in that he 'had not become the King's first minister in order to liquidate the British Empire' was mercifully spared that embarrassment by his electoral defeat in Charles de Gaulle had positioned his large frame at the European community's door, blocking British entry The liquidation of the empire began while he sat on the opposition bench in the early postwar years, and was completed toward the end of his life, during the administration of his fellow Tory Harold Macmillan.
The same Macmillan, recognising that Britain had missed the European bus in the s as it began to record impressive economic achievements, would belatedly attempt to board it in the following decade. But by that time the French President Charles de Gaulle had positioned his large frame at the European community's door, blocking British entry in and again in Britain subsequently joined Europe - figuratively with admission to the European Economic Community in , and literally with the opening of the Channel Tunnel in But the question of which was more important, its trans-Atlantic 'special relationship' or its trans-Channel connections, remained an open question for the rest of the 20th century and has continued to be so right up to the present day.
A World of Nations: The Community of Europe: He currently directs the university's International History Institute. His many publications include: This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets CSS enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets CSS if you are able to do so. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. This page has been archived and is no longer updated.
Find out more about page archiving. The causes, events and people of the most destructive war in history.
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The Gathering Storm Churchill: The Gathering Storm Had Britain's wartime leader truly stood alone in his opposition to appeasement, or did he rewrite history to portray himself in a better light? Germany's 'Lightning War' Blitzkrieg How did this new doctrine of speed, flexibility and surprise deliver a string of stunning victories for Hitler's armies?
Britain Stands Alone Winston Churchill: Defender of Democracy The rows were explosive, the challenges enormous, but he led Britain through the war with unique assurance. The Battle of El Alamein Churchill said that there was never a victory before it and never a defeat after it.
World War 2 left toxic legacy of ill health and depression - Telegraph
Beachhead How meticulous planning, good luck and sheer guts ensured the success of history's largest amphibious invasion. Post-war Reconstruction and Retribution Why Churchill Lost in Labour's landslide in the general election remains one of the greatest shocks in British political history. More recent scholarship has challenged this view. An exhibition on the war crimes of the Wehrmacht sparked demonstrations. Europe at War — Davies argues although the war was over for 60 years that a number of misconceptions about the war are still common and then sets out to correct them.
Two of his main claims are that contrary to popular belief in the West, the dominant part of the conflict took place in Eastern Europe between the two totalitarian systems of the century, communism and Nazism; and that Stalin's USSR was as bad as Hitler's Germany. A field of pseudohistory has emerged which attempts to deny the existence of the Holocaust and the mass extermination of Jews in German-occupied Europe.
The proponents of the belief, known as Holocaust deniers or "negationists", are usually associated with Neo-Nazism and their views are rejected by professional historians. The Nazis perfected the art of stealing, draining the local economies to the maximum or beyond, so that overall production fell. In all occupied countries resistance movements sprang up.
World War Two: Key Events
Almost all national narratives of the Second World War—ranging from historiography in liberal democracies to that of Communist dictatorship, fit the same European pattern. Denmark frustrated the Holocaust by slipping almost all of its Jews into Sweden in Denmark has a large popular literature on the war years that has helped shaped national identity and politics. Scholars have also been active but have much less influence on this topic. After the liberation two conflicting narratives emerged.
A consensus narrative told how Danes were united in resistance. However, there was also a revisionist interpretation which paid attention to the resistance of most Danes, but presented Danish establishment as a collaborating enemy of Danish values.
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The revisionist version from the s was successfully adopted by the political Left for two specific goals: From the s, the Right started to use also used revisionism to attack asylum legislation. Finally around , Liberal Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen started using it as his basic narrative of the war years partly to legitimize his government's decision to join the war against Iraq in The occupation has thus played a central role in Danish political culture since , although the role of professional scholars has been marginal.
The heroism of the French Resistance has always been a favoured topic in France and Britain, with new books in English appearing regularly. After the French ignored or downplayed the role of the Vichy regimer. Since the late 20th century it has become a major research topic. Collaboration with the Germans was long denied by the French, but since the late 20th century has generated a large literature. The roles of civilians,  forced labourers and POW's has a large literature.
There are numerous studies of women. Germany integrated Alsace-Lorraine into its German Empire in France recovered it in Germany was again in occupation There was widespread material damage.
The first wave of destruction in was inflicted by German forces, the second was caused by Allied bombers in , and the final wave surrounded bitter fighting between German occupiers and American liberators in Dutch historiography of World War II focused on the government in exile, German repression, Dutch resistance, the Hunger Winter of and, above all, the Holocaust. The economy was largely neglected. The economy was robust in then deteriorated rapidly as exploitation produced low productivity, impoverishment and hunger.
The memory of the war seared Norwegians and shaped national policies. On August 1, , the clandestine Polish Home Army , owing allegiance to the exiled government in London, initiated an uprising in Warsaw against the occupying Germans. There is a large literature in several languages. Polish Jews made up about half of Holocaust victims. There is a large literature on the Holocaust in Poland and its memory and memorials,  and also the Jewish uprising in the Warsaw ghetto in Popular behaviour has been explored in Byelorussia under the Germans, using oral history, letters of complaint, memoirs, and reports made by the Soviet secret police and by the Communist Party.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Historiography of the Battle of France. Clean Wehrmacht and War crimes of the Wehrmacht. Denmark in World War II. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Polish Holocaust law August General Government and Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany.
Women in World War II. Bosworth, "Nations Examine Their Past: The Rabbi Saved by Hitler's Soldiers: University Press of Kansas. Origins of the Second World War Reconsidered 2nd ed. Wood, "A Historical Debate of the s: Alexander, "The fall of France, The French Defeat of Reassessments ; John C.
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