Der literarische Salon (German Edition)


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Literarischer Salon extra: Helden der Gegenwart. Zur Poetik aktuellen Schreibens

Learn more about Amazon Prime. Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime. Get to Know Us. English Choose a language for shopping. Not Enabled Word Wise: Enabled Amazon Best Sellers Rank: Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers. She displayed a clear but restless and passionate mind and a generous heart, and had suffered the pain of two broken engagements with noblemen.

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Though very interested and competent in literature, Rahel was even more fascinated by living people, their thoughts, feelings, opinions and perceptions. Apart from traditional sources of thinking and contemporary philosophical influence, the English philosopher Anthony Ashley Cooper, Earl of Shaftesbury — , who was highly esteemed by Mendelssohn, seems to have formed her mind and way of thinking: Enthusiasm for Goethe was an important and constant ingredient of these salons. For some time, charming Pessel Cohen c. The literary North Star Club met in her salon.

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Her salon ended and her traces disappear after the bankruptcy of her husband, which left her destitute. Both settled in Vienna. By there were also some Jewish salons in Berlin which were modelled more closely on the French aristocratic salons. Amalie Beer — , wife to Jacob Herz Beer — , a banker and sugar manufacturer and supporter of the Haskalah , held a brilliant open house. Levy and Beer also frequently gave excellent dinners with invitations , while any acquaintance might drop in for tea at the jours fixes.


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However, the problem remained restricted to orthodox women like Levy, since many middle and upper-class Berlin Jews of that time did not observe the ritual laws. The social, cultural and religious innovations at the salon tea-tables reached a climax by The fact that several women not only fell in love but married out of their traditional circle sometimes even breaking up earlier marriages was an important factor in changing traditions.

For Jewish salon women, aristocratic marriage, though raising their social status, necessitated conversion, since civil law marriage did not exist. Though many of the young women were daughters of intellectually distinguished fathers, they felt restricted by the subordinate role traditionally assigned to women in the patriarchal structures of orthodox Jewish life. Nevertheless, most of the converted salon women of that time did not forget family and old friends.

They presented a model for Jewish integration into the changing German society, although a model that most Jews rejected. Gradually, they became ready to open their doors to Jewish friends and acquaintances though these were few at first ; this process slowly created an integrated general salon society in Berlin. The salon circles welcomed the American fight for freedom and the early moderate stages of the French Revolution which proclaimed the rights of man. In the decree of emancipation was intended to give equal civil rights to the Jews in Prussia, but failed to do so because it was not fairly applied and increasingly encumbered by restrictions.

Soon many serious setbacks occurred. The ideas of enlightenment gave way to a new era of traditionalism in the later stages of Romanticism, which often included ressentiments against Jews. Antisemitic pamphlets and articles, as well as social discrimination, in the first years of the nineteenth century could poison some minds, but they could not destroy the trend towards emancipation and salon society. In the spectrum of Berlin salon society after , the salons of Jewish women or baptized Jewish women constantly played an important part, though they ceased to be a new and revolutionary phenomenon.

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After the crown had withdrawn important rights and promises of the reform era, the salons generally remained places where freedom of conscience and speech was respected. The mutual visits of Jewish and Christian salon women in their respective salons increased. It was a hallmark of salon society, perhaps more in theory than practice, that people were respected for their character and merits and not for rank, origin or religion. Rahel Levin-Robert, since married to the diplomat Karl August Varnhagen von Ense, returned to Berlin in after a four-year absence.

She complained that she gave more than she received, which was probably true. The antisemitic disturbances in Southern Germany in really shocked her. The cult of Rahel Varnhagen even if it was an idealized version of her , inaugurated in by Rahel. Among the Jewish women who continued the salon tradition was Henriette Solmar — , perhaps a convert.

Her salon existed for more than half a century, culminating in the s, s and s. As a confirmed liberal, Solmar received and comforted the political writer Heinrich Laube — after his release from unjust imprisonment in During the revolution of she was an admirer of Alphonse de Lamartine — In spite of her outspoken opinions, guests from different political quarters kept visiting her for news and political gossip. Among her international guests were Thomas Carlyle — and George Eliot — Sara Levy and Amalie Beer were very active elderly ladies now. Combining cultural conservativism with ideas of political progress, a grande dame with charm and inner poise, Levy was a phenomenon.

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Die Berliner Salons

Levy kept encouraging young authors and painters especially women, Jewish and non-Jewish alike until her death in The revolution of — failed, but though the final Prussian constitution of was unsatisfactory, equal rights for Jews were incorporated. They were subsequently curtailed in the conservative s. Shared political disappointments united liberal Christians and Jews in Berlin, and integration continued. She came to Berlin in the s, married the author Adolf Stahr — and had a salon from the mid—s.

She was a successful novelist, had strong even at first democratic political opinions and wrote feminist books. Her salon was only one part of her activities. She became a model for many Jewish and non-Jewish salon women and early feminists in Berlin and the whole of Germany. Very soon the Kulturkampf against the Catholic Church brought as a side-effect civil marriage, which facilitated matches between persons of different creeds. In salon circles, there was no doubt about the growing integration and acceptance of Jewish Germans.

There were many new salons when Berlin became capital of the German empire in , but while the population grew, salons were in decline. For some time she was an intimate in the house of chancellor Bismarck. In she made a disastrous marriage to the eccentric painter Stanislaus Graf Kalckreuth — Around the turn of the century Walther Rathenau — , who was interested in Berlin salon history, liked to visit this circle, where he met old ladies whose memories reached back to the s.

As the Bernsteins were or were among the first owners of impressionistic paintings in Berlin, lively discussions about old and modern art ensued in their salon.

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Such discussions later led to the founding of the influential Berlin Secession. After the early death of her husband Felicie Bernstein became interested in social problems and the feminist movement but retained her enthusiasm for art and left a legacy to the Secession. In her salon in Richter arranged lectures by the art nouveau architect and designer Henry van de Velde — She proved to be a superb hostess. In the late nineteenth century salon culture was still enjoying a kind of Indian summer.

Just like the first salons a century earlier, these late salons attempted to provide free and equal society in which people were respected for their individual qualities and not for their origins.

Der literarische Salon (German Edition) Der literarische Salon (German Edition)
Der literarische Salon (German Edition) Der literarische Salon (German Edition)
Der literarische Salon (German Edition) Der literarische Salon (German Edition)
Der literarische Salon (German Edition) Der literarische Salon (German Edition)
Der literarische Salon (German Edition) Der literarische Salon (German Edition)

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