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The medical definition of heat stroke is a core body temperature greater than degrees Fahrenheit, with complications involving the central nervous system that occur after exposure to high temperatures. Other common symptoms include nausea , seizures , confusion, disorientation, and sometimes loss of consciousness or coma. The hallmark symptom of heat stroke is a core body temperature above degrees Fahrenheit. But fainting may be the first sign. If you suspect that someone has a heat stroke, immediately call or transport the person to a hospital.

Any delay seeking medical help can be fatal. While waiting for the paramedics to arrive, initiate first aid. Move the person to an air-conditioned environment -- or at least a cool, shady area -- and remove any unnecessary clothing. If possible, take the person's core body temperature and initiate first aid to cool it to to degrees Fahrenheit. If no thermometers are available, don't hesitate to initiate first aid.

Do not use ice for older patients, young children, patients with chronic illness, or anyone whose heat stroke occurred without vigorous exercise. Doing so can be dangerous. Heat stroke is most likely to affect older people who live in apartments or homes lacking air conditioning or good airflow.

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Other high-risk groups include people of any age who don't drink enough water, have chronic diseases, or who drink excessive amounts of alcohol. Heat stroke is strongly related to the heat index, which is a measurement of how hot you feel when the effects of relative humidity and air temperature are combined. The risk of heat-related illness dramatically increases when the heat index climbs to 90 degrees or more.

So it's important -- especially during heat waves -- to pay attention to the reported heat index, and also to remember that exposure to full sunshine can increase the reported heat index by 15 degrees. If you live in an urban area, you may be especially prone to develop heat stroke during a prolonged heat wave, particularly if there are stagnant atmospheric conditions and poor air quality. In what is known as the "heat island effect," asphalt and concrete store heat during the day and only gradually release it at night, resulting in higher nighttime temperatures. Infants and children up to age 4, and adults over age 65, are particularly vulnerable because they adjust to heat more slowly than other people.

These include heart , lung , or kidney disease , obesity or underweight, high blood pressure , diabetes , mental illness , sickle cell trait, alcoholism , sunburn , and any conditions that cause fever.

8 useful tips to avoid sunstroke

These include antihistamines , diet pills , diuretics , sedatives, tranquilizers , stimulants, seizure medications anticonvulsants , heart and blood pressure medications such as beta-blockers and vasoconstrictors, and medications for psychiatric illnesses such as antidepressants and antipsychotics. Illegal drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamine also are associated with increased risk of heat stroke. People with diabetes -- who are at increased risk of emergency room visits, hospitalization, and death from heat-related illness -- may be especially likely to underestimate their risk during heat waves, according to a recent study presented at the Endocrine Society's annual meeting by researchers from the Mayo Clinic in Arizona, the National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration, and the National Weather Service.

Check with your doctor to see if your health conditions and medications are likely to affect your ability to cope with extreme heat and humidity. When the heat index is high, it's best to stay in an air-conditioned environment. If you must go outdoors, you can prevent heat stroke by taking these steps:. Avoid fluids containing caffeine or alcohol, because both substances can make you lose more fluids and worsen heat-related illness. Also, do not take salt tablets unless your doctor has told you to do so. The easiest and safest way to replace salt and other electrolytes during heat waves is to drink sports beverages or fruit juice.

Check with your doctor before increasing liquid intake if you have epilepsy or heart, kidney, or liver disease; are on fluid-restricted diets; or have a problem with fluid retention.

Heat stroke - Wikipedia

If you live in an apartment or house without fans or air conditioning, try to spend at least two hours each day -- preferably during the hottest part of the day -- in an air-conditioned environment. At home, draw your curtains, shades, or blinds during the hottest part of the day, and open windows at night on two sides of your building to create cross-ventilation. If you're a senior who either can't afford to buy or run an air conditioner, check with your local Area Agency on Aging for programs that can assist you.

After you've recovered from heat stroke, you'll probably be more sensitive to high temperatures during the following week. So it's best to avoid hot weather and heavy exercise until your doctor tells you that it's safe to resume your normal activities.

Check for signs of heat exhaustion

A to Z Guides Reference. In the sweltering days of summer, over exertion can lead to life threatening heat stroke. New guidelines released by the National Athletic Trainers Association. Heat stroke is the leading cause of death in sports during the summer. The awkward case of 'his or her'.

Questions answered by trusted doctors

Test your knowledge of food and food words. Test your visual vocabulary with our question challenge! Examples of sunstroke in a Sentence Recent Examples on the Web But when sustained heat waves hit a region, the other health ramifications can be serious, including sunstroke and even major organ damage due to heat. First Known Use of sunstroke , in the meaning defined above. Learn More about sunstroke. Resources for sunstroke Time Traveler! Explore the year a word first appeared. Dictionary Entries near sunstroke sunsquall sun star sunstone sunstroke sunstruck sunsuit sunt.

Statistics for sunstroke Look-up Popularity. Time Traveler for sunstroke The first known use of sunstroke was in See more words from the same year. More Definitions for sunstroke.

Heat Stroke (Sunstroke): Symptoms and Treatment

English Language Learners Definition of sunstroke. Kids Definition of sunstroke. Translation of sunstroke Nglish: Translation of sunstroke for Spanish Speakers Britannica English: Translation of sunstroke for Arabic Speakers Britannica. Comments on sunstroke What made you want to look up sunstroke? Get Word of the Day daily email!

First Aid For SunStroke

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