The Kalevala


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Von Schantz's work was followed by Robert Kajanus ' Kullervo's death and the symphonic poem Aino in and respectively. Aino is credited with inspiring Jean Sibelius to investigate the richness of the Kalevala.


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Jean Sibelius is the best-known Kalevala -influenced classical composer. Twelve of Sibelius' best-known works are based upon or influenced by the Kalevala , including his Kullervo , a tone poem for soprano, baritone, chorus and orchestra composed in The march features the line Me nousemme kostona Kullervon "We shall rise in vengeance like that of Kullervo's".

A number of folk metal bands have drawn on the Kalevala heavily for inspiration.

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In the Finnish bands Amorphis and Sentenced released two concept albums , Tales from the Thousand Lakes and North from Here respectively, which were the first of many that have been Kalevala -themed. It is an instrumental piece following the rhythm of the Kalevala metre.

Tuonela, Tuoni, Manala and Mana are used synonymously. This place is best known for its appearance in the Finnish national epic Kalevala , on which many of our new songs are based.

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These were some of the first pieces of modern music inspired by the Kalevala. In , Ruth MacKenzie recorded the album Kalevala: MacKenzie has continued to perform the piece live.

Kalevala | Finnish literature | tevopaleqopi.tk

Their Kalevala -themed third album, Marian virsi , combines contemporary folk with traditionally performed folk poetry. In , the Finnish progressive rock quarterly Colossus and French Musea Records commissioned 30 progressive rock groups from around the world to compose songs based on parts of the Kalevala. The publication assigned each band with a particular song from the Kalevala , which the band was free to interpret as they saw fit. The result, titled simply Kalevala , is a three-disc, multilingual, four-hour epic telling the entirety of the Kalevala.

The works included poems, classical and contemporary music and artwork. A book was published by the Finnish Literature Society in conjunction with the event and a large exhibition of Kalevala -themed artwork and cultural artefacts was put on display at the Ateneum museum in Helsinki.


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  6. The series was set "during the Kalevala times" and based upon events which take place in The Kalevala. The martial arts film Jadesoturi a. The Kalevala has attracted many scholars and enthusiasts to interpret its contents in a historical context. Many interpretations of the themes in The Kalevala have been tabled. Some parts of the epic have been perceived as ancient conflicts between the early Finns and the Sami.

    In this context, the country of "Kalevala" could be understood as Southern Finland and Pohjola as Lapland. However, the place names in Kalevala seem to transfer the Kalevala further south, which has been interpreted as reflecting the Finnic expansion from the South that came to push the Sami further to the north. In , the small town of Uhtua in the then Soviet Republic of Karelia was renamed Kalevala , perhaps to promote that theory. He interprets Pohjola as the northern heavens and the Sampo as the pillar of the world.

    The practice of bear worship was once very common in Finland and there are strong echoes of this in the Kalevala. Consequently, it is possible that the Saari Island might be the island of Saaremaa in Estonia and Kalevala the Estonian mainland.

    Kalevala: the Finnish national epic

    Moreover, they contend that the word Kalevala is very rare in traditional poetry and that by emphasizing dualism Kalevala vs. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Kalevala disambiguation. Excerpt of song 40 from The Kalevala. The excerpt begins at verse and ends at verse The Library of Congress ' California Gold: The song describes the creation of the first kantele and of the attempts by old and young to play it. List of Kalevala translations. The K[alevala] is certainly not one. It is a mass of conceivably epic material; but, and I think this is the main point, it would lose nearly all that which is its greatest delight if it were ever to be epically handled.

    Finnic peoples, on the other hand, were in antiquity, in the Iron Age, probably originally limited to the coasts south of the Gulf of Finland, in what is now Estonia, and no further north than the Karelian Isthmus. Archived from the original on 23 November Retrieved 15 August The Story of Kullervo 1st US ed. Archived PDF from the original on 16 July Retrieved 17 August Archived from the original on 23 March Archived from the original on 13 May Books and Writers kirjasto.

    Archived from the original on 21 December Archived from the original on 15 June Retrieved 20 August Archived from the original on 18 July Retrieved 31 August Archived from the original on 22 July Retrieved 19 August Archived from the original on 17 May Archived from the original on 10 September Kalevala — The national epic of Finland , "Preface to the First edition, ".

    ***Singing a Kalevala runo in Finnish [Ensiferum]***

    Religion, Myth and Folklore in the World's Epics: The Kalevala and its Predecessors. Archived from the original on 24 May Archived from the original on 28 May Archived from the original on 14 March Retrieved 24 August An Anthology in Finnish and English. Archived from the original on 20 July Retrieved 30 August Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 20 March Retrieved 23 August Kalevala — Epic of the Finnish people , Introduction to the first edition, Retrieved 26 September Archived from the original on 27 July Retrieved 1 January Archived from the original on 27 October Archived from the original on 24 January Retrieved 2 February Archived from the original on 11 January The Finnish Virgin Mary myth.

    Archived from the original on 21 July Archived from the original on 29 July Retrieved 22 August Archived from the original on 10 August Archived from the original on 1 September Archived from the original on 2 February Retrieved 28 February Archived from the original PDF on 10 October Retrieved 18 August Archived from the original on 28 March Archived from the original on 25 December Archived from the original PDF on 14 June Archived from the original on 25 January Archived from the original on 12 July Retrieved 31 October Archived from the original on 7 November Archived from the original on 12 October University of Illinois, Archived from the original on 20 November Archived PDF from the original on 20 November Archived from the original on 29 November Archived from the original on 15 July Archived from the original on 6 September Retrieved 4 September Archived from the original on 2 March Archived 6 March at the Wayback Machine.

    City of Turku, 29 February Archived from the original on 4 November Archived from the original on 7 December Archived from the original on 31 December Archived from the original on 29 March Retrieved 26 August Archived from the original on 3 February Archived from the original on 21 August Archived from the original on 18 April Archived from the original on 13 January The Kalevala began to be called the Finnish national epic. This New Kalevala is the version which has been read in Finland ever since and upon which most translations are based.

    The Finnish national epic Kalevala leans on Christianity — how about another Kalevala based on bear cults and shamanism? Every year on October 10, the Finnish flag is raised in honour of author Aleksis Kivi Oct 10, —Dec 31, , who wrote the first novel in Finnish. The anniversary of his birth is also celebrated as Finnish Literature Day. Her legacy continues; Minna Canth Day is celebrated annually on her birthday, March Consistently, the most moving and enchanting portions relate to female characters.

    I guess you could say the male characters get a lot of the big, cinematic scenes but the heart of The Kalevala is in the emotional narratives of the women. Because first we learn of his mother, Ilmatar, and her amazing conception and pregnancy. A spirit of the air, impregnated by the sea, she swells and swells, well past human dimensions, and remains pregnant for more than seven centuries. Obviously, with an introduction like that, the reader knows this guy is big magic. The noob gets pwned, or words to that effect.

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    You know your ass is done for when you are magically pimp-slapped into a swamp. Please unswampify me and you can marry my sister. Handing women off like prizes is both despicable and commonplace in mythology and not just there. But here the story goes into the emotional reaction of the promised bride, Aino, who quite clearly would rather die than be handed off like auctioned cattle. Her grief builds as they ask, and her full answer is such beautifully expressed anguish I had to put the book down a few times and sigh, tears in my eyes.

    Better it would be for me and better it would have been had I not been born, not grown not sprung into full size in these evil days in this joyless world. For all the amazing magic and adventure of The Kalevala , the tragedy of Aino is the part I think of the most. Rich, wonderful fantastical and imaginative throughout. Receive notification by email when a new comment is added.

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