De Commissie houdt toezicht op de tenuitvoerlegging van deze wetgeving op basis van de verslagen van de lidstaten, waarin de effectiviteit van de regels wordt beoordeeld en de standpunten van het bedrijfsleven worden verzameld. Regelmatig worden vergaderingen gehouden om problemen met de handhaving met de lidstaten en sociale partners te bespreken. Indien nodig neemt de Commissie het initiatief om nieuwe wetgeving voor te stellen. De Commissie is voornemens om in een initiatief te nemen met betrekking tot de markt voor wegvervoer. Ook sociale normen kunnen in dit wetgevingspakket aan bod komen.
To what extent is the Commission aware of cases in which drivers have been improperly issued with certificates for the transport of dangerous substances in all EU Member States? What action will the Commission take to tackle this international problem and guarantee the safety of the transport of dangerous substances throughout the EU? Is the Commission aware of the practice whereby drivers in road haulage evade collective agreements on terms of employment by means of both legal and illegal arrangements such as setting up satellite establishments in EU Member States with lower wages and poorer social protection?
What action will the Commission take against this unfair competition in the transport industry? The issues raised by the Honourable Member relate to various pieces of EU road transport legislation. Apart from market access these rules also include rules on transport of dangerous goods, driver training and the use of tachograph. These rules are under constant evolution to enhance road safety, fair competition, safe working conditions. However, enforcement is the responsibility of Member States, who must take the measures to ensure that transport companies and professional drivers comply with these rules.
Any infringements should be sanctioned in accordance with the national system of penalties, which are designed to be effective, proportional, dissuasive and non-discriminatory. Enforcement issues are reviewed with Member States and social partners at regular meetings. If appropriate, the Commission takes the initiative to propose new legislation.
In the Commission plans an initiative on the road transport market.
This initiative could include actions on the categorisation of serious infringements and on enhanced harmonised enforcement. Social standards could also be part of this legislative package. Dieser Antrag ist zurzeit bis zum Abschluss des Einhaltungsverfahrens ausgesetzt. The Commission estimates that the enforcement of sanctions will take one to two more years. Can the Commission predict how much the remainder of the process will cost the EU? This request is currently suspended pending the completion of the compliance proceedings. In response to points 1. A detailed estimate of the costs is however not possible, also because there are ongoing proceedings.
In response to points 5. Juni Antidumpinguntersuchung bzw. August Antisubventionsuntersuchung zu geschehen hat. Imports from China of solar energy systems marketed at dumping prices are forcing more and more European manufacturers of photovoltaic equipment to declare insolvency or lay off workers. Since every week sees another solar energy company forced to declare insolvency or make workers redundant, EU ProSun has called on the Commission to speed up the procedure and begin keeping a formal record of Chinese imports as a matter of urgency.
The Commission is in the phase of collecting information for its investigation into the anti-dumping and anti-subsidy complaints on crystalline silicon photovoltaic modules. Given the great number of parties involved, the Commission has selected samples of exporting producers in China and producers and importers in the Union, and has requested that they reply to specific questionnaires. Other interested parties, like users and also the Government of China in the subsidy case , are also requested to provide information.
Within those deadlines, the Commission will work as speedily as possible. The speed of the case will be determined by its complexity and size as well as by the need to carry out out the investigations properly and accurately and the requirement to ensure due process for all interested parties.
Aspekte der Robustheit von Computern und Netzen werden in diesem Zusammenhang behandelt. After some major cyberattacks on several Member States, a European cybersecurity strategy is currently being drafted by the Commission. Cybersecurity activities range from cyberespionage to cybercrime and cyberwar. Each of these has its own motivations and goals. Policy responses and attempts at standardisation are becoming increasingly difficult due to the wide range of activities and areas of focus.
Does the Commission have an overview on whether any national cybersecurity strategies exist within the EU? Has the Commission already analysed national cybersecurity standards at European and international level? If so, please could it share the results and conclusions? Until now, there has been no EU voice on international standardisation bodies in the area of cybersecurity. How does the Commission plan to change this situation? A number of Member States have already informed the Commission that they have adopted national cyber-security strategies.
Most of those strategies are also publicly available and have been translated into English. Those strategies cover various aspects of cyber-security including prevention and resilience, research, the fight against cybercrime, defence and its external dimension. Cyber resilience aspects will be taken up in this context. Moreover, the forthcoming EU Cyber Security Strategy should further address the issue of standardisation.
The aggression of the Israeli State towards the Palestinian people and its provocative intolerance of its just struggle to end the occupation and create an independent, viable and sovereign Palestinian State has once again found expression in a speech given by Israeli Prime Minister B. Netanyahu at the recent UN General Assembly. The criminal actions of the Israeli army of occupation have culminated in murderous attacks against the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip and the other Palestinian territories.
Imperialist rivalries increase the risks of a generalized war, with devastating consequences for the peoples of the region as a whole. This EU-Israel agreement essentially constitutes a straightforward recognition and legitimization to the Israeli occupation and its crimes against the Palestinian people. Will it pursue this policy in support of Israel against the Palestinian people and its just struggle for an end to the Israeli occupation and the establishment of an independent, viable and sovereign Palestinian State within the borders, with East Jerusalem as its capital, for the removal of the unacceptable wall, for the release of Palestinian political prisoners in Israel and for the right of return of all Palestinian refugees to their homes, on the basis of the relevant UN resolutions?
The EU is committed to a two-state solution and convinced that the ongoing changes across the Arab world make the need for progress on the Middle East peace process all the more urgent. Heeding the aspirations of the people in the region, including those of Palestinians for statehood and those of Israelis for security is a crucial element for lasting peace, stability and prosperity in the region. The EU recalls the applicability of international humanitarian law in the occupied Palestinian territory, including the applicability of the fourth Geneva Convention relative to the protection of civilians.
Amennyiben igen, melyek ezek? Common ragweed is widespread internationally and is constantly spreading into an even wider area, assisted by an increasingly mild climate. Can the Commission provide information on the following pilot projects initiated by Parliament and included in the EU budget:. Pilot project on complex research on the methods of controlling the spread of ragweed and pollen allergies grant.
If so, what are they? Deliverables will be shared after finalisation of the project. The project will deliver policy-relevant guidance to combat Ambrosia invasion as of Vi sono diversi strumenti e apparecchiature tecnologiche, come ad esempio respiratori, carrozzine, deambulatori e materassi anti-decubito, che sono necessari per determinate categorie di pazienti, e che in Italia sono quindi garantiti dal Servizio Sanitario Nazionale.
Il Nomenclatore tariffario contiene l'elenco completo di questi strumenti, ma il suo ultimo aggiornamento risale a ben 13 anni or sono Decreto n. La tecnologia in detto ambito si evolve in maniera piuttosto rapida, e i pazienti che necessitano di questi ausili si trovano di fronte a una difficile scelta, ovvero utilizzare strumenti obsoleti oppure dover pagare di tasca propria la differenza per poter usufruire di migliori servizi.
Questi nuovi dispositivi non si caratterizzano per essere dei prototipi specifici, ma solamente delle innovazioni entrate oramai nell'uso comune in ambito sanitario. Esiste a livello europeo un coordinamento per lo scambio delle migliori pratiche e tecniche innovative in ambito di dispositivi medici e sanitari? La Commissione ritiene tuttavia importante identificare e condividere informazioni sulle innovazioni che intervengono nell'ambito degli ausili medici.
There are a number of instruments and pieces of technological equipment, such as respirators, wheelchairs, walking frames and anti-bedsore mattresses, which are necessary for certain categories of patient and which are therefore provided by the national health service in Italy. In theory, there were supposed to be regular adjustments, every three years at the most, but this requirement has been completely ignored and the revision of the decree further postponed. Technology in this field is evolving fairly rapidly and patients who need these devices are faced with a difficult choice — either having to use outdated devices or having to pay the difference out of their own pockets in order to receive better services.
Sometimes they do not even have that choice, as some new innovations are not even included on the official list. The continuing health service cuts are also forcing many local health authorities ASL to seek lower-cost products on the market, but these are also often of poor quality, such as many wheelchairs that are manufactured in the Far East. These new devices are not specific prototypes but are simply innovations that have now become commonplace in the health sector.
In the light of the above, what measures can the Commission take to try to resolve this situation, which is undermining the autonomy of these patients and preventing them from having a normal social and working life? Is there, at EU level, any coordination with regard to the exchange of best practices and innovative techniques in the field of medical and health devices? Does the Commission not think it should facilitate a wider dissemination in Europe of the best instruments currently available? These responsibilities include the management of health services and medical care and the allocation of the resources assigned to them.
Nevertheless, the Commission believes it is important to identify and share information on innovation in the area of medical devices. The Commission therefore organises regular meetings on new and emerging technologies where interested parties such as national Competent Authorities, the medical device industry, Notified Bodies and standardisation bodies can exchange views and share expertise on innovative devices coming onto the European market. Does the Council not think that the prize money from this award could be allocated to help Belarusian society? It is a disgrace that a dictator remains in power at the very border of the European Union.
The Council underlined that the prize also recognises the historically and globally unique project of regional integration and enlargement in Europe, where former enemies today are united as friends around a core set of values. The Council undertook to continue to work tirelessly for peace and in the promotion of fundamental rights and values and to strive to make its external action more coherent, comprehensive and effective. Mahdi Akhavan Bahabadi, segretario del centro nazionale iraniano del ciberspazio, ha negato il coinvolgimento dell'Iran negli attacchi.
Ciononostante, si ritiene che gli attacchi siano stati lanciati in risposta alle sanzioni promosse dagli Stati Uniti e al worm digitale Stuxnet impiegato per paralizzare gli impianti nucleari iraniani. At this stage, the Commission does not intend to speculate with regard to security arrangements put in place by EU companies against possible state-lead cyber attacks.
Alcuni gruppi, quali i separatisti di Pattani, selezionano questi obiettivi in quanto simboli dello Stato thailandese buddista. Anche gli studenti sono stati al centro di brutali attacchi e sono rimasti feriti durante gli attentati dei ribelli contro il personale di sicurezza. Il governo deve garantire protezione a quanti sono nel mirino dei ribelli ma la soluzione militare non basta a dare sicurezza alle popolazione nel lungo termine. Per una pace duratura nella regione occorrono soluzioni politiche. Groups such as Patani Independence Fighters choose these targets as they are viewed as symbols of the Thai Buddhist state.
Insurgents have set fire to more than government schools in eight years, and teachers have been ambushed on their way to school or killed in their classrooms. Students have also fallen victim to brutal attacks, and been wounded in insurgent attacks targeting security personnel. These attacks on schools seem to be part of a larger campaign by insurgents to use violence and terror to drive Buddhist Thais out of the southern provinces and keep local Muslims under their control.
The EU follows the conflict in Southern Thailand with concern. The EU is particularly alarmed by the surge of violence in the past few months. The EU is engaged with the authorities and other stakeholders in addressing the issue. While the protection of all those targeted by the insurgents should be a priority for the Thai government, military solutions alone cannot provide security to the population over the long term.
Sustainable peace in the region can be only guaranteed through political means. A degree of devolution may go a long way, if it is coupled with other political reforms aimed at restoring justice and providing a wider cultural and educational space for Malay communities. The EU is currently funding a number of activities with a view to strengthening the voice of civil society, fostering dialogue between Buddhist and Muslim communities, and promoting social and economic development in Southern Thailand.
Zu diesem Thema gibt es jedoch keine EU-weiten Erhebungen. In providing such services, many agents and agencies apply unfair or even mafia-like methods. For instance, they often demand continuous monthly payments from personal caretakers for whom they have only provided a one-time mediation service. Illegal contracts with personal caretakers are not uncommon, in many cases enforced through coercion, extortion, misappropriation of funds, bogus self-employment, infringement of contract rights, and, in some cases, even of violation of fundamental rights. To counter this problem, one feasible option is to introduce certificates for personal care that certify the caretaker as well as the agent and agency.
On the one hand, such certificates provide quality assurance in professional, linguistic and legal terms. On the other hand, they improve the situation for both the caretaker and the person receiving care. In addition, jobs can be created for caretakers and language trainers. Is the Commission aware of the problem described above, and does it have access to EU-wide surveys on this issue? Is the Commission considering introducing or promoting such certifications throughout the Union?
Is the Commission considering taking action in this field, given its cross-border nature? The precarious status of such care workers would make them vulnerable to abuse and could also imply insufficient quality assurances for care receivers. However, there are no EU-wide surveys on these issues. The problems are likely to differ from one Member State to another, and it is the responsibility of Member States to enforce the applicable legislation to protect care workers and care receivers. However, the experience from Austria referred to by the Honourable Member could be of interest to other Member States and could be presented in the context of the peer review activities under the auspices of the Social Protection Committee.
The Commission has no plans for introducing an EU-wide certification, but could promote the exchange of information among Member States on the issues to be addressed through certification schemes. The Commission will act if there is a breach of EU legislation, notably concerning the right to free movement of carers from other Member States. The establishment of a European Platform on undeclared work is foreseen in the Commission Work Programme. Its aim would be to enhance cooperation and exchange information as well as best practices at EU level between different enforcement bodies to achieve a more effective and coherent approach to the fight against undeclared work.
Pochissimi, infatti, sono stati i responsabili portati di fronte alla giustizia e puniti per i reati commessi. In tale contesto permeato di violenza cronica, raramente i crimini sessuali vengono denunciati. I maggiori ostacoli all'accesso alla giustizia sono dati dal timore di stigmatizzazione e alla mancata percezione di reale sicurezza per le vittime sopravvissute e coinvolte nei processi legali.
Indeed, very few of the perpetrators have been brought to justice and punished for the crimes committed. The message that clearly emerges from the government's attitude is one of impunity and tolerance towards criminals who trample on the human rights of their victims every day. In the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences carried out a total of 22 examinations into suspected cases of sexual violence, compared to 12 in In situations of armed conflict, sexual violence against women is carried out to sow terror among communities, to force them to flee and to wreak revenge on the enemy.
In such a situation of chronic violence, sex crimes are rarely reported. The main obstacles to access to justice are the fear of being stigmatised and the perceived lack of real security for surviving victims involved in legal proceedings. In addition, administrative delays, a lack of funds and the infiltration of armed groups into local institutions make the legal process inadequate to meet the victims' needs for protection and humanity. The real problems in the country are not due to a lack of laws to punish sex offenders, but to the fact that those laws are not genuinely and consistently enforced.
The Colombian government has made significant efforts to strengthen the rule of law and to reduce impunity for human rights violations throughout the country. However, these are hampered by the continued existence of the complex and multifaceted conflict, which represents a persistent human rights challenge and a formidable obstacle to the effective administration of justice.
Verkoop illegaal afval door overheid. Reden voor inzameling is optimale recycling en het tegengaan van illegale export, dump en verwerking. Veel kostbare grondstoffen gaan alsnog verloren, de arbeidsomstandigheden bij veel recycling buiten Europa laten te wensen over en milieuvervuiling is een groot risico.
De lidstaten moeten de inzameling en verwerking van deze afvalstromen organiseren. De overheid certificeert instanties die de inzameling mogen doen. In hoeverre verplicht de Commissie lidstaten aan te tonen welke problemen er zijn bij de inzameling van deze afvalstromen en welke acties de lidstaten nemen om deze problemen op te lossen? Welke actie onderneemt de Commissie als een lidstaat in gebreke blijft bij de inzameling van het afval en transparantie van wat er met deze afvalstromen gebeurt?
Welke actie onderneemt de Commissie om inzage te krijgen in wat er gebeurt met de hoeveelheid elektrisch en elektronisch afval dat niet ingezameld wordt? De betrokken verslagen moet een evaluatie bevatten van de positieve en de negatieve ervaringen met de tenuitvoerlegging van de richtlijn. The aim of collecting it is to ensure optimal recycling and to combat illegal exports, dumping and processing.
Large quantities of valuable raw materials go to waste, working conditions for those who perform recycling outside Europe often leave much to be desired, and there is a major risk of environmental pollution. Member States are required to organise the collection and recycling of these waste flows. The public authorities certify bodies which are permitted to collect waste. In the Netherlands, it has now become apparent that illegal trading is going on between local authorities and uncertified dealers in electrical and electronic waste De Telegraaf , Is the Commission aware of dealing in electrical and electronic waste between local authorities and uncertified dealers?
What action does the Commission take to combat illegal trade between authorities and uncertified collectors? To what extent are Member States required to demonstrate to the Commission what happens to the unregistered part of waste flows? To what extent does the Commission require Member States to demonstrate what problems exist in the collection of these waste flows and what action the Member States are taking to solve these problems? What action does the Commission take if a Member States fails to collect waste in the required manner and does not ensure sufficient transparency regarding what happens to these waste flows?
What action does the Commission take to ascertain what is happening to electrical and electronic waste which is not collected? The Commission will ask the Dutch authorities for further information on the specific case to which the Honourable Member refers. Such reports should include an evaluation of the positive and negative experiences with the implementation of the directive. It is also generally accepted that airports with fewer than one million passengers are not economically viable and cannot continue to operate without state aid.
Will the Commission take this economic reality into account when drafting its revised guidelines and, in particular, authorise operating aid for airports with fewer than one million passengers? Regional airports can play an important role in local development and accessibility.
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Nevertheless, it is also important to avoid undue distortions of competition and wasting public resources. This risk is particularly high in cases of duplication of non-profitable airports. The Commission will take all these elements into account when revising the Aviation guidelines. Anden og tredje energiliberaliseringspakke. Vil Kommissionen derudover oplyse, hvilke retsakter fra anden og tredje liberaliseringspakke de enkelte medlemsstater har implementeret korrekt?
The European Commission and the Commissioner for Energy have previously answered many questions concerning the implementation of the second and third energy liberalisation packages. For the sake of clarity, the Commission is requested to provide a comprehensive overview of which countries have received letters of formal notice and reasoned opinions, and which countries have been the subject of a case brought before the European Court of Justice.
This overview should be broken down by legal instrument. The Commission is also requested to state which legal instruments from the second and third energy liberalisation packages have been correctly implemented by the individual countries. In addition, the Commission refers to the tables on this topic sent to the Honourable Member and to Parliament's Secretariat. Esto solo puede generar un consumo irresponsable, no sostenible y desinformado de las conservas pesqueras en lugar de una apuesta por la calidad, la sostenibilidad y el respeto al medio ambiente dentro de la actividad pesquera.
El etiquetado de los productos de la pesca y la acuicultura forma parte integral de la reforma y tiene en cuenta las disposiciones del Reglamento de control, en particular aquellas en materia de trazabilidad. One amendment in particular to the original text stands out among the many tabled. It removes the obligation on producers to inform customers about the origin of the product they are selling. This new piece of legislation will make it difficult to trace fish products as there will be no guarantee that where fish were caught, and hence what labour and social system applied, will be known.
This will make promoting responsible consumption difficult as it will be impossible to judge important factors such as the social, economic and environmental impact if there is no way of knowing in which waters fish processed by canning companies were caught and under what conditions. This will affect small canning companies which try to produce goods whose quality and certification of origin give them added value, which comply with social and labour standards for their workers, and which will have to sell their product without being able to inform customers about its origin. Thus only the big canning firms will benefit from this change to the proposed legislation, firms who process tonnes of fish at the lowest possible cost without considering protection needs, the environmental impact of their production or the most basic of environmental standards.
This can only lead to irresponsible, unsustainable and uninformed consumption of tinned fish instead of a commitment by the fishing industry to quality, sustainability and care for the environment. Does the Commission consider this legislation on labelling to be compatible with subsidies to the fishing industry which claim to support EU coastal fishing through the added value brought about by certification of origin?
Does the Commission think that EU coastal fishing, which complies with high environmental standards, will be able to compete with other regions in the world in supplying the canning industry, without measures being implemented to ensure traceability within the sector? The Commission believes that improved information on seafood products will help EU consumers to make more informed choices, including on the quality of the products they buy. Additional voluntary information can be provided to consumers environmental, social, quality, local or regional brands … as long as accuracy is ensured and information does not mislead the consumer.
The Commission proposed to develop minimum criteria when needed to ensure the reliability of such information. Labelling of fisheries and aquaculture products is an integrated part of the reform and takes into account provisions of the Control Regulation, in particular on traceability. Proposed provisions on information to consumers can contribute to ensure a level playing field in terms of competition.
EU consumers will be able to know the species concerned and its provenance.
They will also know the date of catch or harvest and if a product is fresh or has been defrosted. Tale liberalizzazione, dunque, rischia di causare una moltiplicazione incontrollata di antenne sui condomini, con un conseguente aumento di inquinamento elettromagnetico. Pertanto, la Commissione ha chiesto al comitato scientifico per i rischi sanitari emergenti e recentemente identificati CSRSERI di procedere all'aggiornamento del suo parere del , previsto per il secondo trimestre del However, according to one of the provisions of the decree itself, an owner or co-owner cannot deny access to a telecommunications operator if the latter wishes to install, connect or maintain network elements such as cables, wires, distributors, lines or devices, including new antennas.
From now on, an apartment or the communal parts of the building will be freely available to large telecommunications companies and, moreover, these same businesses will be exempt from tax for the use of public land.
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In return, a payment to owners will be set on the basis of the actual reduction in value of the property, as if this were a case of compulsory purchase. In addition, likewise in the name of the digital super-highways, the procedure for installing underground broadband and ultra-broadband cables beneath public roads will be accelerated: There is a danger, therefore, that this liberalisation may result in an uncontrolled multiplication of the number of antennas appearing on the roofs of blocks of flats, which will increase levels of electromagnetic pollution.
Therefore, as far as the general public is concerned, there are no specific EU provisions that the Italian authorities need to comply with. However, the Commission follows the development of scientific knowledge and periodically asks its Scientific Committees to review the latest scientific evidence. Participaciones preferentes en Caixa Galicia y Caixanova. Entre estos clientes se encuentran los titulares de participaciones preferentes de Caixa Galicia y Caixanova. Estas dos cajas gallegas comenzaron a comercializar participaciones preferentes desde y respectivamente, recabando millones de euros para las ampliaciones de capital.
Todas las medidas previstas en el plan tienen por objeto garantizar la solidez y la viabilidad del banco en cumplimiento de las normas sobre las ayudas estatales. The memorandum provides for rules to be established to guarantee subordinated liability. The latter customers include holders of Caixa Galicia and Caixanova preferred shares. These two savings banks in Galicia began marketing preferred shares in and respectively, raising millions of euros to expand their capital. In marketing these financial products financial institutions should have provided large quantities of information about them and warned their customers of the precise risks they would be running.
These minimum legal requirements were not met in any of these cases; information was wrong or even concealed, tricking people who did not have any training in finance in order to sell these complex financial products. In the case of these preferred shares, failure to comply with existing legislation would presuppose imperfect consent which would invalidate the contracts.
Should these preferred shares prove to be invalid, how will the Commission enforce the memorandum of understanding without affecting the funds of the thousands of small savers who were tricked in this way? All measures envisaged in the plan aim at ensuring the soundness and the viability of the bank in compliance with state aid rules. In addition to this, the memorandum of understanding MoU signed between the Spanish authorities and the Commission, acting on behalf of the euro area Member States, establishes that subordinated liability exercises have to be conducted for hybrid capital, including preference shares.
The Commission is aware of allegations of potential mis-selling as regards the sale of preference shares by some banks. Such allegations are for the Spanish judicial system to investigate and assess. The Honourable Member can rest assured that the Commission promotes consumer protection principles. More concretely, the MoU establishes that consumer protection should be strengthened as regards hybrid instruments. It was recently announced that two of the largest Greek companies intended to relocate their headquarters abroad.
These moves are quite clearly a first step before the dismantling of the production departments of these companies, and according to reports, it is certain that other Greek companies intend to follow their lead soon. All this is taking place while the Memorandum policy being implemented in Greece is producing, inter alia , constant salary reductions and the elimination of collective bargaining agreements and workers' rights. The companies that are relocating justify their decision by emphasising that economic activity in Greece is shrinking due to falling demand; that investment projects are fleeing southern Europe because of the risk, which is due mainly to European policies; and that foreign banks are imposing exorbitant rates of interest because of the risk that Greece represents.
How does it explain the phenomenon that, despite the unprecedented reduction in labour costs, Greek companies are deciding to move abroad? What policy does it intend to pursue so as to restore a climate of confidence in the Greek market and so that, on the one hand, these companies return to Greece and, on the other, more undertakings are dissuaded from also relocating? How will it reverse the highly unfavourable climate created in international markets towards Greek companies?
The Commission considers it crucial to ensure that Greece regains fiscal sustainability and undertakes the necessary structural and fiscal reforms which both will contribute to a timely return of private investment. In this respect, the measures already taken by the Greek Government in context of the economic adjustment programme and their continued firm implementation, as well as the the substantial package of financing and debt-reduction measures agreed by the European partners will help to create a more favourable climate for Greek companies in international markets.
If sustained in the longer term this will encourage additional foreign direct investment inflows and production in the country. Following an investigation, the U. Has it requested information, or does it intend to do so in future, on the participation of the company in question in tenders in Greece? If so, what was the outcome of the investigations? Is it prohibited under Community law from taking initiatives of its own to investigate this res judicata which constitutes a huge scandal, instead of waiting for third parties to submit information to it?
Does the final conviction of the company in country like the U. In this respect, it should be recalled that the criminal prosecution of individual corruption cases falls within the competence of Member States. National investigations are not monitored by the Commission, which may look into specific cases only to the extent that they would entail concrete violations of EU legislation. On the basis of the information communicated, it appears however that the contracts in question have been concluded between and and that they have already been performed. Should the Honourable Member communicate to the Commission that there are ongoing contracts, it would look into them in order to appreciate whether there have been irregularities from a public procurement perspective.
In the past eight months, France, Belgium and Sweden have notified their intention to adopt national bans on the use of bisphenol A, also known as BPA, in certain food contact materials. These bans, if implemented, would de facto create disruption within the single market as well as in the international trade of these goods.
They would also send confused signals to both consumers and businesses, given that they run counter to the international scientific assessments mentioned above. The European project itself is founded on the idea of the single market. The Commission has the important task of guaranteeing that obstacles to the movement of products, services, innovation and creativity are removed.
The Member States referred to in the question have justified their national measures on the grounds of protection of health. However, it is clear that the right supporting environment in the developing countries where these diseases are often endemic — including adequate local manufacturing capacity, functioning healthcare infrastructures and realistic pricing mechanisms — must be in place if these products are ever going to be made available to those who need them most. In the light of the above, and in the interest of Policy Coherence for Development, can the Commission say:.
How might the Commission cooperate specifically with the private sector on this? The European Union's geographic development instruments aim to strengthen countries' health systems as a whole in order to establish functioning health services that allow health products, new medicines or vaccines, to find a market and reach the population.
The Development Cooperation Instrument and European Development Fund have been used to support Global Health initiatives to provide affected countries with new health products. The authorisation to import medical products is based on the comparative advantages the product could have for its population and is the responsibility of countries' Pharmaceutical Regulatory Authorities.
The Global Alliance Vaccine Initiative GAVI is already an example of support for public-private partnerships to ensure the dissemination of new vaccines in developing countries after selection of the most interesting products. Una de estas potencias militares no firmantes del citado Tratado es Israel. It is exerting constant and focused pressure on certain countries signatory to this Treaty.
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Nuclear proliferation is, without doubt, the greatest threat to international security and regional stability. It is not just countries signatory to the Treaty that have nuclear weapons. Other military powers are often accused or suspected of possessing nuclear weapons too. The Israeli Government has often been accused of having nuclear weapons but the international community has not exerted any significant diplomatic pressure to verify this. Israel has sparked off a good many conflicts in the region, it constantly breaches numerous UN resolutions, and infringes the sovereignty of practically all its neighbours.
Its continual violation of human rights is well known, its military technologies are extremely advanced and it is the top-ranking military power in the region. This will destroy democracy as we know it Daniel Hannan. Any reports of the death of newspapers are greatly exaggerated Charles Moore.
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- Cientistas pedem a suspensão dos transgênicos em todo o mundo.
Sc Countryside management UK Dr. Poller Organic Chemist U. Barry T Rubin Ph. Peter Saunders Biomathematician U. London UK Dr. Peter Sollich Theoretical Physics Dept. Phil science and science policy journalism None UK Dr. Yanes Veterinarian Toxicologists U. Liverpool UK Prof. Ian Stewart Biomathematics U. Warwick UK Dr. Karen Wren University teacher Geography St. Washington USA Prof. Sc Envionmental Scientist W. Phil journalist and author on food pesticides public policy public health etc.
Berkeley USA Dr. Michigan USA Dr. John Garderineer Biologist U. Fairfax USA Dr. Washington USA Dr. Gayle Robin Hamilton Assoc. Martha Herbert Pediatric Neurologist Mass. Philip H Howard Ph. D Medical anthropologist Dept. D student oncology USA Dr. Neurology North Shore Univ.
Wisconsin USA Dr. Arcata USA Dr. Sc Natural Resource Manager U. Joan P Mencher Ph. Mikesell Anthropology and Political Ecology Univ. Ilya Sandra Perlingieri Ph. Ecology Evolution and Behavior Univ. David Schwartzman Geochemist Howard Uni. Gerald Smith Zoologist U. Sc agronomist USA Dr. D organic chemistry retired USA Dr. Patricia Patterson Tursi Ph.
John Vandermeer Biologist Univ. Robert Vernon Heimer Ph. Sc healthcare administrator USA Dr. Miguel Angel Nunez M. Sc Biotechnologist University of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe. NewScientist, News, November 20, Free trade and farm fallacies. Growing pains, The Economist, 25 March, This is now admitted in an astonishing series of articles by Shereen El Feki in The Economist March 25, , hitherto generally considered as a pro-business right-wing magazine. A threat to food security?
Trust or bust, The Economist, 25 March, The Guardian, 31 March, Farm Aid fact sheet: US Department of Agriculture now holds two new patents on terminator technology jointly with Delta and Pine. These patents were issued in AstraZeneca are patenting similar techniques. Rafi communique, March, Selling Suicide, farming, false promises and genetic engineering in developing countries, Christian Aid, London.
Genetic modification of crops and food, June, Potential contributions of horizontal gene transfer to the transboundary movement of living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology. Issues and Opportunities for Policy-makers K. Paternal exposure to pesticides and congenital malformations. Scand J Work Environ Health 24, Effects of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis-corn-fed prey on mortality and development time of immature Chrysoperla carnea Neuroptera: Environmental Entomology 27, Transgenic pollen harms monarch larvae.
Absence of toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis pollen to black swallowtails under field conditions. Insecticidal toxin in root exudates from Bt corn Nature , , p Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome and tryptophan production: Bovine growth hormone and prostate cancer; Bovine growth hormone and breast cancer.
The Ecologist 28 5 , , For details see Biointegrity website: Effects of diets containing genetially modified potatoes expressing Galanthus nivalis lectin on rat small intestine. Genetic Engineering Dream or Nightmare? The cauliflower mosaic viral promoter — a recipe for disaster? Hazards of transgenic crops with the cauliflower mosaic viral promoter.
Hazards of CaMV promoter. Nature Biotechnology in press. Reviewed in Ho, , note 37 ; Ho, M. Too early may be too late, Ecological risks associated with the use of naked DNA as a biological tool for research, production and therapy, Research report for Directorate for Nature Management, Norway. Burke, C, Yu X. Transcription factor IIA of wheat and human function similarly with plant and animal viral promoters. Nucleic Acids Res 18, Genome intruder scanning and modulation systems and transgene silencing. Trends in Plant Sciences 3, Transgene inheritance in plants.
Molecular Biotechnology 6, Reviewed by Doerfler, W.
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