Durante il periodo di esecuzione dei lavori, i siti interessati potranno essere terreno di sperimentazione sui quali i ricercatori di diversi ambiti specialistici potranno convalidare un certo numero di ipotesi sulle tecniche costruttive e sui diversi aspetti della vita dell'epoca. Il progetto cui fa riferimento l'onorevole parlamentare potrebbe beneficiare del sostegno finanziario dei Fondi strutturali, nel rispetto delle disposizioni specifiche del Programma Operativo Regione Lazio Tale programma definisce le varie tipologie di finanziamento che il Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale ha destinato alla regione in questione nel periodo di programmazione sopra menzionato.
Il programma prevede anche un cofinanziamento a favore di iniziative imprenditoriali legate a cultura e turismo. The town of Anagni Frosinone has many particularly valuable archaeological sites, but they are currently in a state of total disrepair; in particular, the medieval abbey of San Giorgio ad Montes was one of the focal points of the dense network of hermetic and monastic sites that are still scattered throughout the Lazio region today.
The primary objective is to recreate the entire operational sequence of a medieval building site and to apply high-level scientific and specialist guidelines. This would provide, both during the restoration phase and once the works are complete, an opportunity to arrange short courses in local medieval history and in specific restoration-related disciplines, with the creation of new job opportunities, including in the tourism sector.
Another aim of the project is to create craft shops within the abbey complex and hence an actual medieval village that recreates everyday life in an abbey of the period. In view of the above, can the Commission provide details of the funding that the town of Anagni could access in order to:. The project referred to by the Honourable Member could be eligible for financial support from the Structural Funds, subject to compliance with the specific provisions of the programme for Lazio. This programme defines the types of support provided by the European Regional Development Fund to the region under the current period.
The programme also foresees co-financing in favour of business initiatives linked to culture and tourism. In line with the shared management principle used for the administration of cohesion policy, project selection and implementation is the responsibility of national authorities. For more information, the Commission therefore suggests that the Honourable Member contact directly the managing authority of the programme:.
Is the Commission aware of allegations that by disclosing confidential information, President Anastasiades of Cyprus helped his relatives to avoid losses thereby increasing the losses of other account holders, and increasing risks borne by EU taxpayers in financing the bailout by withdrawing millions of euro from bank accounts in Cyprus days before capital controls were introduced? Is the Commission also aware that there are widely held suspicions of inappropriate disclosure of confidential information relating to discussions of and decisions reached by the eurozone?
In light of such concerns, does the Commission intend:. Examining and investigating the use of insider information to gain a financial advantage remains a national competence. Questions related to the use of insider information within Cyprus to gain a financial advantage should, therefore, be directed to the relevant Cypriot authorities. Restrizioni alla libera circolazione dei cittadini dell'UE in Svizzera. Tale accordo e il suo protocollo hanno introdotto alcune restrizioni per i cittadini dell'UE che desiderano vivere o lavorare in Svizzera.
Cosa consiglierebbe la Commissione a un paese non membro al fine di garantire la sicurezza e l'occupazione interne nell'attuale periodo di crisi? Sotto il profilo giuridico la Commissione si aspetta che i paesi terzi rispettino le disposizioni degli accordi sottoscritti con l'UE. The recalled Agreement and its protocol have brought about some restrictions on EU citizens wishing to live or work in Switzerland. Does the Commission think that Switzerland still holds authority over its territorial limits?
What advice would the Commission give to a non-member country in order to ensure internal security and employment in the current period of crisis? Politically, the Commission would like to count in the current period of crisis with an equivalent level of solidarity which it usually shows to third countries. Regarding internal security, the Commission is not aware of any ground of public order, public security or public health in Switzerland which would require its Government to introduce restrictive measures.
Regarding employment, taking into account the fact that the unemployment rate in Switzerland remained stable at an average of 4. Has this assessment now been completed and has the Commission subsequently taken the necessary decision? The Commission has completed its assessment of the Spanish application for EU Solidarity Fund assistance relating to the forest fires in Valencia. Total damage caused by the disaster represented only 4. There was no evidence of serious and lasting repercussions on living conditions or on the economic stability of the region that could have allowed activating the Fund exceptionally.
The Spanish authorities were informed accordingly. Rechte Gewalt und fehlende polizeiliche Kontrolle in Griechenland. Violence prompted by extreme right-wing views and xenophobia seems to be increasing to an alarming extent in Greece. There is growing evidence of a prevailing attitude among the police which ranges from tolerance of these crimes to open sympathy for them. Are there EU programmes in existence to curb these trends, e. The Commission is concerned by the growing of extremism movements across Europe. The Commission continues to work on ways to assist Member States in addressing prevention of such a phenomenon, regardless of motivation and methods.
One of its working groups, RAN POL, exchanges on practices related to prevention and detection of violent extremism by law enforcement, through community and local policing. In a meeting of this group, Greece highlighted the creation of a new service, the General Office for the Confrontation of Racist Violence, which edits a special guide for police and includes a violent crimes division. The project will include a policy recommendations report, best practices and a training for practitioners in countering far-right extremism.
The EU Fundamental Rights agency work includes the issue of acceptance of cultural diversity. Finally, the Council of Europe has established the European Code of Police Ethics in and runs human rights training programmes for inter alia prosecutors, police and bailiffs. However, there now seem to be fundamental problems the concept of commercial availability and the cross-border mail order of books holding up such a treaty. Why is the concept of commercial availability being insisted on, even though this makes access for blind people to books substantially more difficult?
What opportunities does the Commission see for guaranteeing equal rights and treatment for blind and visually impaired persons? What opportunities does the Commission see for ensuring equal access to education and knowledge for all? Certain EU MSs have interpreted the lack of commercial availability of accessible format copies as a condition for this exception and they have a preference for such a condition in the negotiations.
Many EU MSs consider that the requirement on the cross-border exchange of accessible format copies could put pressure on publishers to make such copies available in the relevant markets at the same time as the mainstream copy. Several EU MSs consider that blind organisations have better means to check the eligibility of beneficiaries in their own country than in foreign countries. Thus, MSs have a preference in the negotiations for channeling the cross-border exchange of accessible format copies through blind organisations established in the respective countries.
In this scenario, visually impaired persons would not receive the imported special formats directly from foreign blind organisations but via their local organisation. The Commission cannot determine alone the outcome of the international negotiations but will continue to deploy great effort at the June Diplomatic Conference to reach agreement on a simple and workable treaty that improves access to books to visually impaired persons.
Et dansk tv-program berettede den Kender Kommissionen til problemstillingen? The same programme showed that there are large quantities of plastic microparticles in soap, shampoo and other cosmetics. These end up in the oceans and pollute the environment. It is also unclear what effect these plastic particles have on the human hormonal system.
These particles have no business being there. The EU must take action as quickly as possible. My question to the Commission is therefore:. Is the Commission aware of this problem? And will the Commission take the initiative as soon as possible to call for the phasing out of plastic microparticles in cosmetics? The Commission is aware that microplastics, including those from cosmetics, are a potential threat to the environment.
The Commission is aware of the calls in some EU Member States for an EU-wide ban on use of microplastics in cosmetics, as well as the ongoing voluntary actions of several EU companies to eliminate or phase-out the use of microplastics in their cosmetic products. Per il periodo la Commissione ha proposto di introdurre un criterio di crisi tra quelli applicati per ricevere un sostegno dal Fondo europeo di adeguamento alla globalizzazione.
Valbelluna is home to a cluster of leading air conditioning and refrigeration companies, which possess a significant industrial heritage in terms of know-how. Does the Commission think it can strengthen future EU legislation on state aid, with specific reference to aid for rescuing companies, by introducing tools to make it easier for entrepreneurs to form consortia which, by taking over local companies, can rescue companies in crisis and thus support jobs and the industrial policy of the internal market? How will the Commission strengthen the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund to make it a more effective tool for supporting Member States and regions in their ability to limit the effects of the crisis and to help them take proactive measures for workers affected by restructuring and relocation?
The Commission notes that the Community guidelines on state aid for rescuing and restructuring firms in difficulty. For the period, the Commission has proposed introducing a crisis criterion as one of the criteria for receiving support from the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund. Sie ist eine freiwillige Vorleistung der Wirtschaftsbeteiligten. Diese Durchleuchtung bewirkt, dass die zertifizierten Unternehmen und deren Verfahrensweisen dem Zoll bestens bekannt sind.
Dies sollte seinen Niederschlag in den Zollverfahren finden. Under the Modernised Customs Code, customs procedures must take account of, inter alia , safety and security aspects. The purpose of safety and security certification as authorised economic operators AEO , provided for in the Customs Code, is to make economic operators more transparent for customs authorities.
This is a voluntary upfront concession on the part of economic operators. Firms which have themselves certified are subject to onerous checks on their organisational and operating structures. As a result, customs authorities are very familiar with certified firms and with how they operate. That should be reflected in customs procedures themselves.
So far, accordingly, it is largely customs service providers such as hauliers, plus a number of large firms, which have had themselves certified; but a host of small and medium-sized enterprises, in particular in manufacturing, have so far not acquired AEO status because it is insufficiently attractive.
Such special procedural simplifications are of considerable practical and economic significance — not only where customs arrangements involving Switzerland are concerned. Why, to date, has the Commission not submitted a proposal for substantial procedural simplifications for firms with AEO status, such as waiving pre-departure declarations for exports or entry summary declarations for imports? What arguments are there against waiving individual notifications for local clearance procedures, for economic operators recognised as AEOs by customs authorities, and deeming an entry in company records to be equivalent to a declaration and, at the same time, automatic release too including in connection with prohibitions and restrictions when use of a general licence is possible or the products concerned are known to the customs authorities?
The Commission fully shares the view that the very purpose of setting up the AEO status in was, and will remain in the future Union Customs Code, to grant holders of that status, including SMEs, facilitations relating to security and safety, maximum advantage of widespread use of customs simplifications and more favourable treatment than other operators in respect of customs controls. The entry summary declaration ENS and the pre-departure declarations are platforms for the implementation of the security policy and measures with regard to goods to be brought into or taken out of the customs territory of the Union.
These are not measures related to trade facilitation and as such, even in the existing international framework, the provision of information to customs for the purpose of security and safety cannot be waived simply with regard to the status of the person being responsible for the goods.
In the majority of cases the ENS is submitted by the carriers and not by the importers. Furthermore, in the majority of cases, the pre-departure declaration is the export declaration and cannot be considered as an extra burden. Regional cooperation can play a key role in fostering the integration of the outermost regions into their regional environments.
Has the Commission carried out an in-depth analysis of the existing scope for synergies between the structural funds and the EDF with a view to facilitating regional cooperation involving the outermost regions? When will it publish a strategy designed to exploit the full scope for synergies between cohesion policy funding and development policy funding? Cooperation programmes should set out coordination mechanisms at the appropriate territorial level, where Member States and third countries or territories participate in cooperation programmes that include the use of ERDF appropriations for outermost regions ORs and resources from the EDF, to effectively coordinate the use of these resources.
For cooperation programmes involving ORs and third countries, Member States are required to consult the respective third country before submitting the programme to the Commission and the third country has to confirm its agreement to it. The Commission is not planning to publish the strategy referred to by the Honourable Member.
However, the Commission has asked the ORs to establish action plans to identify their priorities in line with the EU's objectives, which will include, among other things, a section on regional integration neighbourhood plan , in order to supplement the strategies developed in the territorial cooperation programmes for and those in the EDF regional indicative programmes.
Queste misure scadono rispettivamente alla fine di aprile e alla fine di maggio La Commissione ha ritenuto che l'applicazione separata di restrizioni a 8 Stati membri e, successivamente, agli altri 17 non fosse conforme all'accordo. Nel e nel il Consiglio federale non aveva invocato la clausola di salvaguardia sebbene fossero state raggiunte le soglie. Secondo la Commissione, le condizioni economiche generali della Svizzera e la situazione del mercato del lavoro non sono mutate in misura tale da giustificare un allontanamento da questa prassi.
La Commissione sostiene l'attenzione specifica prestata dal governo svizzero agli aspetti che preoccupano maggiormente i cittadini. In and the Federal Council did not invoke the safeguard clause despite the fact that the thresholds were reached. In the view of the Commission the overall Swiss economic conditions and the labour market situation have not changed to justify departing from that practice.
The unemployment rate in Switzerland remains stable at average of 2. The Commission supports the Swiss Government efforts to focus specifically to the causes of popular concern. De asemenea, conform articolului 17 din Regulamentul CE nr. Member States informed the Commission that they issued 27, driver attestations during The total number of driver attestations in circulation at the end of was 44, The breakdown by Member State is provided in an Annex to the reply.
As there are some 4. The Commission has raised this topic with social partners and Member States. Does it not feel that offering financial incentives for gambling contradicts the principles it has itself set out in its communications in this field? The Commission is aware of the measure referred to by the Honourable Member. The Finance Ministry has recently clarified that, while gambling losses may be used to lower capital gains derived from gambling activities, the losses do not give rise to tax credits that can be deducted from income tax.
The Commission recalls that EU Member States are free to design their tax systems as long as there are no harmonising measures at EU level and as long as the national measures are not discriminatory or otherwise contrary to the Treaties. The assessment of the potential for addiction of different games of chance or of incentives offered is therefore primarily the responsibility of national authorities.
The Commission, in its communication. A negative ESF balance for Poland, for instance, is the result of such changes in status. How does the Commission see the role of NGOs, both locally and internationally, in the monitoring of the implementation of those conventions?
At what stage of the process will NGOs be consulted? The information must be adequate and accurate. Genaue Zahlen liegen indes nicht vor. Die neue Verordnung EU Nr. Millions of people in Europe prefer to adhere to a vegetarian or vegan diet. Far more Europeans choose to eat only a little meat or, for any number of different reasons, consume vegetarian products.
As people become more aware of dietary and environmental issues, further growth is likely. However, no precise figures are available. While the Commission intends within the foreseeable future to issue an implementing act concerning information about the suitability of food products for vegetarians, there is a lack of reliable statistics on:.
Will the Commission, without undue delay, ask Eurostat and Eurobarometer to survey the social and economic aspects of vegetarian diets and the market for vegetarian products? The Commission will tackle these actions as a priority. The implementing acts to ensure that information related to the suitability of foods to vegetarians or vegans is not misleading, ambiguous or confusing for the consumer, are not subject to a deadline and therefore they were not considered by the co-legislator as a priority.
Consequently, the Commission cannot commit at this stage to undertake the activities requested by the Honourable Member. According to the same sources, this reduction in the number of inspections is due both to staff cuts and to the refusal of the Ministry of Labour to pay inspectors travelling expenses.
As a result, the scale of undeclared work and the loss in contributions to insurance funds are huge and, of course, impossible to determine. Does it intend to take effective measures forthwith to combat undeclared work? If so, what measures? If not, why not? In this framework an Action Plan consisting of 13 actions, was agreed between the Commission services and the Greek authorities and is currently being implemented.
At European level, the Commission is currently working to establish a European platform to step up cooperation, in particular by pooling information and best practice at EU level between Member State enforcement bodies, such as labour inspectorates, tax and social security authorities and other stakeholders, with a view to a more effective and efficient approach to preventing and deterring undeclared work.
Globally, infectious diseases account for almost two-thirds of under-five deaths. Many of these deaths occur in children already weakened by undernutrition. Worldwide, more than one-third of all under-five deaths are attributable to malnutrition. Children who are malnourished are nine times more likely to die from infectious diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhoea, malaria or measles. Immunisation is one of the most cost-effective public health interventions that can dramatically reduce child mortality rates.
Two-thirds of unimmunised children live in just 10 of the poorest countries. Life-changing vaccines not only provide protection against the leading causes of death in children under five, but also contribute to decreasing vulnerability to malnutrition. How will the Commission increase its focus on routine immunisation programmes in coordination with efforts to combat malnutrition in its development policy as part of its commitment to child survival? How will the Commission ensure that funding to improve child survival, including combating malnutrition and protecting children from vaccine-preventable deaths, is allocated where it will have the greatest impact and will be most effective?
For countries in which health or nutrition have been identified as priority sectors, the Commission helps countries to develop, implement and coordinate sound and evidence-based national policies through strengthening health systems and supporting improvements in immunisation and nutrition. While it is evident that some countries have a number of common concerns, it must be acknowledged that they have individual characteristics and contexts which necessitate specific analysis and policies that are most successfully developed and coordinated at country level through policy dialogue.
Non ritiene la Commissione che un documento di tale importanza dovrebbe essere messo a disposizione di tutti gli interessati? La direttiva non contempla l'obbligo di fornire l'accesso alle informazioni richieste nelle lingue dei paesi limitrofi. The conclusions of this study appeared in the press in late March. In my opinion, basic transparency requires the study to be made public and translated into the languages of those countries that would potentially be affected by an accident at the power plant, so that those responsible and interested in doing so can have their say on it.
Does the Commission not think that such an important document should be made available to all interested parties? Does it plan to take action to ensure that the law enshrined in EU rules on information and environmental information is respected? The same deadline applies if the authorities decide to refuse access relying on one of the exceptions in Art.
As regards the obligation to give access to information upon request in languages of the neighbouring countries, the directive does not contain any such obligation. Condiciones de seguridad en el metro de Valencia durante el accidente de Forty-three people died and 47 were injured in the crash, making it Europe's worst ever metro accident.
The judge closed the case and the official inquiry concluded that the cause of the accident was excessive speed, placing full responsibility on the driver, who died in the crash. However, opposition parties picked up on various statements made by rail experts and unions denouncing serious shortcomings in the metro infrastructure and the maintenance of rolling stock.
These shortcomings were widely reported by the Spanish media, which in recent years has also uncovered evidence suggesting that the Valencia regional government influenced experts appearing before the committee of inquiry set up by the regional parliament to investigate the accident, supposedly in an effort to conceal serious maintenance and safety failures which had arisen as a result of a lack of investment and which may have been a factor in the severity of the accident. Does the Commission have information about the alleged safety shortcomings in the Valencia metro prior to the accident?
Does the Commission see a need to draw up a legislative proposal to harmonise public transport safety compliance checks in the Member States in order to prevent such accidents from happening again? EU action seeks to promote actively a high degree of safety in transport and to reduce the number of fatalities and serious injuries in traffic accidents. The Commission does not envisage submitting a legislative proposal aimed at harmonising safety compliance checks in the public transport sector. However, these proposals explicitly exclude metros, trams and light rail systems from their scope of application for reasons of subsidiarity.
The EEAS presents its organisational structure by means of the following organogram: What do the colour codings of the boxes specifically mean? Could a legend be provided? The colour coding provides an indicative distinction between posts of different levels and functions. The EEAS aims to make the presentation of the organisational chart comprehensible and accessible to the general public through its publication on the Internet. It correctly represents the structure of the organisation as it is today, but will naturally be updated in line with the evolution of the service over time. Juni angenommen wurde.
As a result of the planned introduction of eCall systems, it is expected that, from , cars will effectively become mobile phones. Even now, there is, understandably, intensive interest in the possibility of gathering other telemetric data about driving behaviour as well: Corresponding conflicts of interest arise, as the insurance industry fears that it may lose market share because vehicle manufacturers may extend their services to include insurance. Whichever party has control over these data also has in his hands the future of vehicle insurance.
This also explains the pilot project recently launched by insurers in Spain, promising reduced premiums if vehicle owners allow a telemetric black box provided by the insurer! Is the Commission prepared for the avalanche of positive and negative developments in the insurance industry and data protection due to the introduction of the eCall system and the associated redefinition of cars as data sources?
How will the Commission reliably prevent vehicle manufacturers from installing concealed, unlawful or wrongly directed data transmission devices? How will the Commission ensure that the owner of the vehicle has the sole and unconditional right to determine who receives the data transmitted? Does the Commission intend to intervene in the race between vehicle manufacturers and insurers in order to define clearly who has the sole right to the future gathering of data on vehicle use? In other words, will vehicle manufacturers be banned from entering the insurance industry?
Given that road safety is a priority, the Commission is fully committed to reducing the number of road accidents, as well as to mitigating the consequences of accidents when they occur. In this context, the Commission analysed the possibility of introducing the eCall system on a mandatory basis in the framework of the vehicle type-approval legislation as well as the consequences of this introduction, namely as regards competition and data protection issues.
The aim is to prevent the installation of concealed, unlawful or wrongly directed data transmission devices as well as ensuring that the owner of the vehicle has the sole and unconditional right to determine who receives the data transmitted. Tra i reati puniti con la pena di morte in Iran vi sono il traffico di stupefacenti, gli abusi sui minori, gli stupri, i sequestri, il tradimento e le rapine a mano armata.
Secondo dati recenti, nel sono state eseguite condanne alla pena capitale e l'anno scorso, durante la prima settimana di gennaio, ne sono state eseguite almeno altre Ad ogni modo, il continuo aumento delle condanne a morte ha l'obiettivo di intensificare l'atmosfera di intimidazione sociale.
Le organizzazioni di tutto il mondo, che considerano la pena capitale una violazione dei diritti umani, chiedono ora all'Iran di commutare le pene di tutti i detenuti condannati a morte. L'Unione europea ha una posizione di principio forte contro la pena di morte. Crimes punished by death in Iran include drug trafficking, child abuse, rape, kidnapping, treason and armed robbery. According to recent data, executions occurred in , and last year, there were at least 41 executions during the first week of January.
Despite the official announcements, as the Iranian government does not make information on executions publicly available it is difficult to know the exact numbers. At all events, the continuous increase in death penalty cases is aimed at heightening the atmosphere of social intimidation. Organisations worldwide are now calling on Iran to commute the death sentences of all prisoners on death row, considering them to be a violation of human rights.
The European Union has a strong and principled position against the death penalty. The EU regards abolition as essential for the protection of human dignity, as well as for the progressive development of human rights. Thousands of individuals in Iran remain at risk of execution, even for acts which are not considered as among the most serious crimes according to international standards. The EU will continue to call on Iran, as it does on all states which insist on maintaining capital punishment, to respect its international obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
The Commission reaffirms that significant progress was made in improving the implementation of Commission's rules on expert groups, including on composition of these groups, as recognised by the Parliament. In certain cases, applications were not deemed suitable in relation to the work to be performed.
However, the Commission confirms that relevant services are prepared to examine possible additional applications from interested NGOs or civil society groups. Schema di decreto interministeriale Atto No. Da allora, l'Italia ha notificato il decreto-legge n. Nel febbraio , il governo italiano ha trasmesso al Senato e alla Camera dei Deputati uno schema di decreto interministeriale Atto n. Le restrizioni previste nel decreto non sembrano raggiungere gli scopi e obiettivi dell'iniziativa italiana. Occorre tenere presente che le disposizioni proposte sembrano essere sproporzionate ed eccedono gli scopi preposti, in quanto pongono limiti alla libera circolazione dei beni.
Ha raggiunto una decisione finale sulla procedura d'infrazione suindicata? The decree sets out the conditions for and imposes limitations on the marketing of non-biodegradable plastic bags, which could potentially distort the internal market. The restrictions laid down in the decree do not appear to achieve the aims and objectives of the Italian initiative.
There is not enough information for consumers on the disposal of bioplastic bags, or reliable data to show that biodegradable bags are better for the environment thus making them preferable than normal polymer bags. It should be remembered that the proposed provisions appear to be disproportionate and go beyond the stated aims, since they restrict the free movement of goods.
Has the Commission reached a final decision on the abovementioned infringement proceedings? Will it ensure that the decree does not hinder the free movement of goods on the market? Will it address the above points of contention with the Italian Government? Concerie italiane e protezionismo sulla materia prima grezza: Tali risultati sono il frutto dell'opera di concerie che danno lavoro a circa La lavorazione del cuoio e delle pelli genera altri sottoprodotti che trovano sbocco in diversi settori industriali come la produzione di alimenti per animali domestici, prodotti della chimica fine tra cui la fotografia e i cosmetici, e l'ammendamento del terreno e i fertilizzanti.
La mancanza di rifornimento primario costringe le concerie italiane a rifiutare delle ordinazioni da parte di brand e multinazionali. The processing of hides and skins also generates other by-products which find outlets in several industry sectors such as pet food production, fine chemicals for photography and cosmetics, and soil conditioning and fertilisers. However, the Italian sector today finds itself in extreme difficulty for two reasons: The lack of fresh supplies of raw material is forcing Italian tanneries to turn down orders from various brands and multinationals.
Ogni anno in Europa nascono mila bambini prematuri, di cui 40mila solo in Italia. Sono a chiedere alla Commissione se ritenga di dover appoggiare nuovi studi sui bambini nati prematuramente, onde prevenire problemi fisici e cognitivi nel loro futuro che non solo li riguardano direttamente ma coinvolgono anche i genitori. La Commissione riconosce che, nonostante i significativi miglioramenti degli ultimi decenni, le mamme e i loro bambini sono tuttora a rischio nel periodo perinatale, che comprende la gravidanza, il parto e il periodo post-parto. I risultati della ricerca dei progetti summenzionati dovranno probabilmente essere presi in considerazione durante l'attuazione del programma Orizzonte , il prossimo Programma quadro dell'Unione europea per la ricerca e l'innovazione.
These newborns are not fully developed when they are born, and must therefore complete their development in an incubator and adapt to life outside the womb. They are also more likely to suffer from sudden episodes of apnoea. This reduced oxygenation may cause problems when they reach school age, such as difficulties with concentration and learning difficulties.
For the above reasons it is necessary to provide specific hospital services to meet their needs, and those of their parents. In particular, it is frustrating for parents to have to accept that an incubator is keeping their child alive: Certain experiments in Europe have shown just how vital it is for a premature baby to be given breast milk and to have constant contact with his parents, who transmit a sense of protection and calm to him, in order to ensure his physical and mental wellbeing.
Studies on breast milk have helped confirm its nutritional and therapeutic effects for the physical and immunological development of premature babies. However, more precise criteria for the administration of milk still need to be defined. These should take into account the needs of individual babies, since breast milk alone does not appear to suffice.
In Europe, an assistance protocol has recently been established which provides for high-quality treatment by qualified staff in comfortable environments, promoting the presence and involvement of parents. Despite progress in medicine and the existence of state-of-the-art hospitals, some areas of Europe are not yet able to provide premature babies with the care and treatment which they require.
Does the Commission believe it necessary to support new studies on premature babies in order to prevent physical and cognitive problems as they grow up, which affect not only the children directly, but also their parents? The Commission acknowledges that, despite significant improvements in recent decades, mothers and their babies are still at risk during the perinatal period, which covers pregnancy, delivery, and the post-partum period. Research outcomes of the abovementioned projects will likely be taken into consideration when putting into practice the programme of Horizon , the next EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation.
Fresh cases have recently come to light of ill-treatment and physical, moral and sexual abuse of minors at Il Forteto, the senior members of which had already been convicted of such offences by the Florence Court of Appeal in This had been followed by a European Court of Human Rights ruling against Italy in for breach of the European Convention on Human Rights following the ill treatment at Il Forteto of two children of Italian nationals who had emigrated to Belgium. Can the Commission state whether EU funding was indeed granted to this cooperative?
If so, how much, for what purpose and with what guarantees? The selection of beneficiaries under EU Rural Development Programmes is the responsibility of national authorities and in the case of Italy of regional authorities. Daher wird die Kommission gebeten, folgende Fragen zu beantworten:.
Falls nicht, warum nicht? Their inspections relate not only to the protection of animals during transport, but also to all issues of EU animal welfare legislation. The Commission is therefore asked to answer the following:. Is it planning to increase the number of FVO inspectors considerably? If so, when, and how many additional inspectors will be employed? The human resources constraints of the Commission do not allow for an increase of number of staff as suggested by the Honourable Member. Is the Commission aware of the expulsion and repression of Greek Cypriots by the Turkish occupiers?
How does it view the fact that this is happening in an EU Member State? Is the Commission aware of the structural destruction of Cypriot cultural heritage by the Turkish occupiers? Does it intend to speak out on this issue, loud and clear, in favour of Greek Cypriots? Does it agree that the Turkish occupiers have no business being in Cyprus and that they must leave the island immediately? The Commission deplores any damage to religious and cultural heritage in Cyprus and takes note of the concerns of the Honourable Member.
The Commission attributes great importance to the preservation of cultural heritage in Cyprus.
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The issues raised by the Honourable Member once again underline the need for a rapid comprehensive settlement in Cyprus between the leaders of the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities under the auspices of the United Nations. Volgens de Duitse krant Die Welt heeft Ryanair foutieve informatie doorgegeven over het startgewicht van zijn toestellen. Ryanair doet de berichtgeving in de krant af als speculaties. Volgens Die Welt heeft de kwestie geen impact op de veiligheid van de passagiers. Hoe evalueert de Commissie deze kwestie, zowel in het licht van eerlijke concurrentie als van veiligheid?
Hoe zal de Commissie deze zaak verder opvolgen? De Commissie is op de hoogte van de door het geachte Parlementslid beschreven situatie. Uit de informatie van het Central Route Charges Office CRCO van Eurocontrol, dat namens de Eurocontrol-lidstaten de heffingen int, blijkt dat verschillende luchtvaartmaatschappijen maximale startgewichten MTOW — maximum take-off weights hebben opgegeven die in strijd zijn met de geldende regelgeving. Dit betekent dat de mogelijke aangifte van foutieve waarden in het kader van deze verordening geen impact op de veiligheid heeft.
De Commissie vindt het belangrijk dat de concurrentievoorwaarden voor alle gebruikers van het luchtruim identiek zijn. Zij zal het probleem onder de aandacht van de lidstaten brengen en hen verzoeken erop toe te zien dat aan het CRCO correcte MTOW-waarden worden meegedeeld. De Commissie pleegt overleg met het CRCO van Eurcontrol om een beeld te krijgen van de oorzaken en de omvang van het probleem. De lidstaten worden verzocht binnen het gemeenschappelijk stelsel van. Op basis van de resultaten van dit proces zal de Commissie bekijken of verdere maatregelen op EU-niveau nodig zijn.
Ryanair dismisses the Die Welt report as speculation. According to the newspaper, this issue has no impact on passenger safety. What is its view on this issue, both with regard to fair competition and to safety? How will it proceed on this issue? What measures is it considering in this regard? The Commission is aware of the situation described by the Honourable Member. Based on information received from Eurocontrol's Central Route Charges Office CRCO , which has the responsibility to collect charges on behalf of Eurocontrol's Member States, it seems that several airlines would have declared maximum take-off weights MTOW values which are not consistent with the applicable rules.
Therefore, there is no impact on safety in respect to the possible declaration of inconsistent values under this regulation. For the Commission it is important that a level playing field between airspace users is guaranteed. The matter of underpayment by certain users is on the agenda of the relevant Committee of Eurocontrol in March.
Member States are invited to find a solution within the route charges system. Two divergent points of view regarding the scope of this concept have been put forward by experts. According to one point of view, the network character of rail transport would only be violated to a legally unacceptable degree in the event that the client disregarded the network character of rail transport, did not act to ensure the continuity of connections, or did not address the issue of the technical maintenance of the operational stock.
The fact that the client may maintain tariff integration is not important, given that the services are provided by a national carrier and that such tariff integration is thus guaranteed. The Commission fully recognises that the efficiency of rail transport, and its attractiveness to end-users, depends on its network characteristics. So the economic performance and social value of each leg cannot be assessed entirely separately from the others.
Therefore, the Commission cannot provide a legal definition. With reference to the liberalisation of the market for the provision of public passenger rail transport services, a question has arisen concerning the acquisition of new rolling stock. However, not all of the competing carriers are subject to this requirement. However, in the Czech Republic, carriers are operating which are not contracting authorities and which are participating in tendering procedures. These carriers are not obliged to purchase or otherwise acquire their rolling stock through legally prescribed procedures.
This applies not only to private carriers with no connections to any body governed by public law, but also to subsidiaries of the national carriers of other EU Member States. It is, therefore, clear that there are two separate groups of competitors involved in public passenger rail transport in the Czech Republic, and that they are facing conditions that differ for no justifiable reason. The regulation sets the conditions for awarding public service contracts for public passenger transport services by rail and by road to public or private entities.
It does not regulate the way these entities have to conduct their procurements, including the acquisition of new rolling stock. As regards acquisition of the new rolling stock the Commission agrees that different entities operating rail transport can be subject to different obligations regarding their procurements. This is also the case if such an entity operates in a field with private competition such as national railway transport.
Private entities without any special or exclusive right are not subject to public procurement rules. They are operating freely under market conditions. The Commission does not consider this situation to be discriminating or distorting the market, as these rules are commonly and uniformly applicable in all Member States.
This led to reports that the IMF will change the way that it evaluates the need for austerity in developed economies, such as those in Europe, where consolidation is not achieving the expected results in some crisis-hit countries. The IMF, however, is only one of three contracting parties that concluded the memorandum, which enabled the financing plan to be established under certain conditions.
Does it recognise that the inaccuracy of previous forecasts made by the Troika may result in Portugal and other bailed-out countries being unable to achieve the goals, terms, conditions and deadlines laid down in the Memoranda of Understanding? Although Portugal has been exemplary in fulfilling its obligations, is it essential that the austerity measures be sustainable in terms of the demands placed on taxpayers, workers and businesses and that they correspond, at least roughly, to the forecasts that justified the memorandum itself. Does the Commission therefore not believe that it is appropriate and wise to reconsider some of its terms and targets?
However, the findings reported in the working paper have been subject to debate: Notwithstanding this debate, it should be kept in mind that short-term effects of fiscal policy on economic activity are only one of the many factors that need to be considered in determining the appropriate size and pace of fiscal consolidation for any single economy. In particular, restoring sound public finances is imperative in countries with high debt burden and limited access to financial markets such as Portugal. The Commission acknowledges the considerable achievements in terms of structural reforms and fiscal consolidation undertaken in Portugal over the past year and a half.
Circumstances in individual countries are important and the Commission is ready to react to unexpected developments. While the recent successful bond issuance signals increasing confidence in the success of the programme, the public debt ratio remains very high and it remains paramount that Portugal continues to implement bold structural reforms with a view to raising the growth potential of the economy.
They then take out patents, and the people responsible for the discovery are no longer able to use the plants unless they pay significant sums to the pharmaceutical companies. Thus, the indigenous population is paradoxically unable to make use of the resources that they themselves discovered. What steps will the Commission take to protect developing countries and to help them maintain their access to biological resources? Would it not be justifiable in this case to modify the legislation on the granting of patents in order to make it possible for the benefits to be shared? Currently, this new dedicated instrument is in the process of being implemented in the Union.
The Protocol's objective is that benefits must be granted to the provider country in exchange for access to genetic resources GR and traditional knowledge. Users need to obtain prior informed consent before access and to negotiate a benefit sharing agreement. The Commission's proposal for implementing the Nagoya Protocol will not modify existing patent law, but focuses on creating conditions to maximise legal access to GR thus helping innovation and benefit sharing.
The Commission actively participates in the ongoing negotiations at the World Intellectual Property Organisation WIPO regarding the connection between patent applications and genetic resources. WIPO members are in the process of assessing whether patent legislation could be modified at global level in order to create a level playing field.
In this regard, in , the European Commission and Member States submitted at WIPO and WTO an EU common position setting out a new requirement for disclosure of source of GR in patent applications, which could enable benefit sharing with inter alia developing countries or indigenous populations. In recent weeks, finance ministers have been trying to reach an agreement on bringing Greek debt down to sustainable levels.
Greece was given two years to achieve its budget targets. In the Commission's opinion, will it be possible to reach an agreement on the issue of releasing the frozen assistance to Greece in spite of this opposition? We have been marking this occasion every year since People may be affected by physical, mental or psychological problems, health problems or mental illness.
Such problems and illnesses may be chronic or temporary. They are very closely associated with the loss or reduction of opportunities to participate in society on an equal footing with others. The needs of every individual and of all people are equally important. These needs must always be taken into account during planning processes, and all resources must be used in such a way as to ensure that every individual has an equal opportunity to integrate.
What steps has the Commission taken towards satisfying disabled people's needs by making it easier for them to integrate and to participate in society on an equal footing? The Commission is conscious of the importance of raising awareness on equal opportunities for persons with disabilities. As set out in the EDS, the Commission: The Commission encourages Members States to use European funds, including EU structural funds, to improve accessibility, combat discrimination and promote equal opportunities.
The Commission also carries out awareness raising actions such as the European Day of Persons with Disabilities conference and the annual Access City Award aiming at facilitating the establishment of contacts between cities that want to learn from one another to develop and design cities without barriers. For instance, contractual terms were not available to consult, or contact details were often either missing or misleading.
How does the Commission intend to put a stop to such practices? Is it reasonable to assume that imposing sanctions on websites would oblige them to put greater effort into adhering to current rules on consumer protection? National enforcement authorities are primarily responsible for investigating activities of companies active on their domestic market in the light of EU consumer legislation, including supervision of compliance with the applicable provisions of the E-commerce Directive, and, if necessary, follow-up with enforcement action, which can take the form of sanctions, such as fines.
In a sweep, national enforcement authorities check simultaneously, under the coordination of the Commission, a sample of websites for compliance with consumer law. In a second phase, the national authorities take enforcement action, where needed, on the basis of their national legislation. The Commission will report on the results of the second phase of the sweep on digital content in autumn It is vital that the Member States undertake efforts to ensure that minors are protected in the digital world, including by supporting all forms of supervision of the digital world.
How precisely does it intend to monitor the online security of minors and young people? The proposed actions to give children the digital skills and tools they need to benefit fully and safely from the digital world are to be undertaken jointly by the Commission, Member States and industry. Among the aims of the strategy is to give both parents and children the technical tools necessary for ensuring the online protection of children and to scale up awareness raising.
In the implementation of this strategy relies on the existing Safer Internet Programme From , the creation of an EU-wide interoperable service infrastructure to support the Safer Internet Centres, which provide online safety information, is foreseen subject to the adoption of Connecting Europe Facility. For on demand services, programmes which might seriously impair the physical, mental or moral development of minors shall only be made available in such a way as to ensure that minors will not normally hear or see such on-demand services.
Major corporations and software companies are calling for laws relating to the distribution of films, music, games, applications and associated copyrights to be strengthened. Although ACTA was not passed, the issue of copyright protection must still be dealt with in a suitable manner through legislation. How does the Commission plan to modify current legislation in order to prevent copyright violation? This strategy has two parallel tracks of action.
This process will seek to exploit the potential and explore the possible limits of innovative licensing and technological solutions to help achieving a functioning Digital Single Market which work on the ground for the benefit of all. It is expected to complete its work by this autumn. The College will then take stock of the outcome of the dialogue. The result of that consultation will be made public and will allow for the appropriate assessment to be made.
Regrettably, computer threats and attacks are on the increase, and they represent a major threat to the security, defence, stability and competitiveness of countries. Is the Commission planning on playing a role in developing a comprehensive and coordinated approach to this issue at EU level? The Commission is now planning to step up its activities to provide a more comprehensive vision in this multifaceted domain. It presents concrete policy actions to ensure a safe and resilient digital environment and step up the fight against cybercrime, while respecting and promoting fundamental rights and EU core values.
The strategy explores synergies among prevention and resilience, law enforcement, international cooperation and cyber defence. The proposal aims to strengthen national preparedness; reinforce EU-level cooperation; and impose network and information security obligations on market operators which are critical for the economy and society and public administrations. This will ensure better prevention and response to attacks as well as to incidents caused by outages, human mistakes, or natural events. Human rights activists and lawyers are being imprisoned and treated in an inhumane manner solely because they are fighting to ensure that human rights are respected in Iran.
The situation is becoming increasingly bleak. Fundamental human rights are being violated in Iran with increasing severity. Therefore, the black list should be expanded. Furthermore, it is vitally important that we focus all restrictions and sanctions on weakening the Iranian Government without harming the rights of ordinary citizens. Would the Commission consider taking part in a discussion with Iran focusing on respect for human rights? What specific measures is the Commission competent to take, with a view to ensuring that the difficult situation facing Iranians changes for the better?
Moreover, the European External Action Service has made several demarches highlighting the repression of Iranian human rights defenders, which have been carried out both by the local EU representation in Tehran and to the Iranian ambassador in Brussels. It is vital that the European institutions cooperate more closely with NGOs and with disabled people. In what specific ways can the Commission help to protect and strengthen the rights of disabled people?
Will it put greater effort into making its cooperation more effective and raising awareness among the general public of disabled issues? This is done i. Skin tumours are some of the most commonly occurring malignant tumours. What measures are available to the Commission to combat the increasing incidence of skin cancers? Will the Commission take steps in the foreseeable future with a view to raising awareness and helping to prevent skin cancer? It is specifically important to protect children and adolescents.
The Health Programme has supported two projects. In the framework of the FP6 Programme for Research, the Commission has also funded the project EUROSKIN European network of skin cancer prevention on primary prevention in children, on European certification standard for solaria, on Epidermal stem cells and carcinoma and on Screening of skin cancer identification of high risk groups.
Widespread implementation of the recommendations of these projects in Member States' national Cancer Plans could lead to a reduction in skin cancers incidence, as it has been demonstrated in other parts of the world e. It is right to support further EU enlargement, but we must also consolidate the existing ties between current Member States. Does the Commission also see enlargement and increasing the number of Member States as a form of successful foreign policy? How does it intend to strengthen the rights of ethnic and religious minorities in an expanding Europe and ensure that these rights are respected?
The Commission also sees the enlargement process, which aims at preparing aspirant countries for EU membership, as a very successful foreign policy instrument. At a time when the European Union faces major challenges, the enlargement process continues to contribute to peace, security and prosperity in Europe and allows the European Union to be better positioned to address global challenges and pursue its strategic interests. The prospect of accession drives political and economic reforms, transforming societies and consolidating the rule of law in those European countries aspiring to join the European Union, creating new opportunities for citizens and business.
The enlargement process thus has a transformative and stabilising effect to the benefit of both the European Union and the European countries aspiring to join. The European Union is committed to protecting human rights, including the religious rights of citizens, as well as the rights of persons belonging to minorities. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion and any discrimination on grounds of, inter alia , religion, race or association with a national minority is prohibited.
To ensure that these rights are also respected in an expanding Europe, these principles are part of the criteria that a country has to meet in order to join the European Union. The Commission and the OECD have released a report which shows that expenditure on healthcare fell by approximately 0. What action is the Commission prepared to take to prevent cuts to healthcare expenditure from taking place? The economic situation is indeed leading some Member States to reduce spending on healthcare. It is evident that such budget reductions should ideally be underpinned by efficiency gains in order to ensure continued patient access to healthcare.
This is also reflected in those country-specific recommendations that address healthcare system reform within the frame of the European Semester. Consequently, the Commission supports all measures by Member States fostering a more efficient use of public resources as well as access to high quality healthcare. Academics are becoming concerned by the cuts in funding in this area. They argue that cuts in the area of science may have a significant impact of economic growth.
The UK is attempting to push forward a proposal which stipulates that two votes should take place before any final decision is reached; one vote would involve states inside the banking union, and the other would involve states outside the banking union. For three years, piecemeal measures and decisions have been adopted at various levels. In what way can the Commission play a role in helping to promote a consensus on the banking union e. The SSM is a first step towards a banking union and a pre-condition for direct recapitalisation of banks by the ESM and will thus contribute to putting an end to the negative feedback loops between banks and sovereigns.
As mentioned by the Honourable Member, there will be safeguards for non-eurozone Member States by means of double majority voting requirements, which ensure that decisions are backed by both a majority of the participating and the non-participating Member States. In its role as a facilitator the Commission is actively involved in the trilogue negotiations on the SSM in order to reach an agreement as soon as possible. What stands out is the use of legal psychotropic substances that have similar effects to controlled drugs.
The chemical compositions of those stimulants are, however, altered. As a result, they are not subject to any existing control mechanisms. Owing to the ongoing crisis, a number of Member States do not have the financial resources to resolve this difficult situation in an appropriate and effective manner.
Can we expect the Commission to take action in the near future to help reduce demand for drugs on the one hand, and to limit their supply and availability on the other? The Commission will continue supporting Member States' action in addressing illicit drug trafficking, including through the funding of cross-border cooperation projects, under EU financial programmes.
The main purpose of this day is to call for increased awareness of this pernicious disease and to shed light on the issues associated with it. There are currently It is sad that those infected are often stigmatised and discriminated against. They are often ostracised from their communities. It is vital that we take appropriate measures to prevent such injustices from occurring. We must also ensure that the general public is aware of prevention methods, risks and infection pathways, as well as the treatment options that are available worldwide.
Has the Commission adopted measures to prevent people from being infected by this disease? How does the Commission protect the rights of those already infected, with a view to ensuring that they do not suffer from discrimination? In accordance with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Member States are responsible for the definition of their health policy and the delivery of health services and medical care.
This is why the European Commission action is aimed at supporting Member States in their efforts. Shale gas has been ascribed a significant strategic role, as it could help Europe to reduce its dependence on energy imports from Russia. It is important to monitor regulatory regimes and practices globally. The Commission and the relevant national authorities should conduct further research on the possible impact of shale gas extraction on the environment and provide the public with information based on verified scientific data, all while maintaining the maximum levels of transparency.
Does the Commission not think that it is valid and necessary to weigh up all the risks and benefits associated with shale gas extraction? The Commission agrees that it is necessary to weigh up all the risks and benefits associated with shale gas extraction. Without expressing an opinion on the current debate on shale gas, the Commission is clearly communicating facts as well as our policy approach towards shale gas, which focuses on three main aspects:.
Relevant risks and benefits will be further looked at by the Commission in the context of its initiative, aiming at an environmental, climate and energy assessment framework to enable safe and secure unconventional hydrocarbon extraction. During the crisis the banks suffered significantly, not only as a result of the total collapse of the market, but also because they were left to the mercies of the shadow banking system. The innovative character of this system means that a new development could occur that would create systemic risk. This issue must be addressed. Will the Commission give its backing to initiatives to monitor the shadow banking system?
What specific actions will the Commission take to address the issue of systemic risk in the shadow banking system? The shadow banking area constitutes a priority of the Commission financial reform. Following the publication of its Green Paper, the Commission has received a strong support to act in particular from the European Parliament the El Khadraoui report. The Commission financial reform already addressed some of the risks posed by the shadow banking. The banking sector regulation CRD2, CRD3 and the forthcoming CRD4 has been strengthened and will better capture the risks linked to its exposures to the shadow banking.
Looking at securitisation transactions, risk retention requirements have been in place since the CRD2 implementation. The Commission has also identified other areas where additional works are needed and is therefore currently working on new legislative proposals. They will notably strengthen the regulation of money market funds and establish a new securities law framework with a view to address risks associated with repo and securities lending transactions.
Later in the semester, the Commission will further detail its roadmap. Often criminals are able to evade legal sanctions and penalties through the use of modern technology. It is by harmonising the fragmented and divergent laws of Member States and by cooperating more closely that we shall be able to strike a significant blow against this form of criminality and against, inter alia , tax havens. How does the Commission intend to play a part in resolving this problem effectively? The Commission agrees with the Honourable Member that there is a need to strengthen our collective response in the fight against money laundering in order to prevent criminals from circumventing the rules.
Money laundering is an international problem which requires a global response. The Commission also proposes to broaden the scope of application of the rules to include all forms of gambling, as this has been identified as an area of risk in terms of money laundering. The proposed 3D seismic survey at the Casablanca oil rig Tarragona is currently undergoing an environmental impact assessment EIA ; the aim of the project is to determine whether there are new hydrocarbon deposits in the area covered by the Montanazo, Lubina and Casablanca oil fields.
This work is being carried out at a time when the fight against climate change is a political priority for the European Union and when it is clear that changes in the world's climate system are a result of human actions, mainly, our use of fossil fuels, and against a backdrop of a rapid increase in the consumption of fossil fuels and high dependence on energy imports. Proposals for monitoring sea turtles and cetaceans in order to spot them if they come within a metre radius of the seismic survey area do not guarantee that they will be protected, since changes in their behaviour have been observed more than two or three kilometres away from such areas.
Their population numbers, especially in migration areas, could be affected.
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Moreover, EIAs are based on models that may underestimate the impact of seismic surveys, as has already been shown in a study carried out in Nova Scotia McQuinn and Carrier, McQuinn and Carrier found that the actual noise levels of seismic pulses in the studied area were on average 10 dB higher than those predicted. According to the information provided by the Honourable Member, this project is currently undergoing an environmental impact assessment. The competent authorities have therefore not yet taken a final decision on this matter.
The campaigners drew up and presented a comprehensive rehabilitation plan to the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture and to the dolphinarium where Morgan was being kept. However, a decision was made to move her to the Loro Parque zoo in Tenerife, where she is being kept as a public attraction. Stress can also cause it to behave aggressively towards other whales and trainers and can lead to serious illness, and even death.
Morgan is being kept as a public attraction at the Loro Parque zoo in Tenerife. What view does the Commission take on this? Does the Commission think that Morgan is better off at the zoo than in the wild with her pod? In view of the fact that countries such as Norway, Luxembourg, Slovenia and Cyprus are currently working on legislation to ban zoos and water parks from keeping dolphins and other cetaceans, does the Commission intend to propose a similar ban at Union level? Within this framework there is no prohibition on exhibiting animal species in zoos.
The public exhibition of specimens such as Morgan is a matter of national competence. The directive does not prevent Member States from taking stricter protection measures as long as this is in conformity with EU legislation. A judgment of the Spanish National Court Audiencia Nacional ruled that only specialised security companies that were authorised to undertake this type of surveillance could do so; the companies contracted by MAGRAMA did not fulfil this requirement.
Has the Commission evaluated the effect that the lack of surveillance is having on the marine reserves? The Commission has not been made aware of a situation of illegal fishing in the Spanish marine reserves. The Commission is now assessing whether the elements notified constitute an appropriate framework to meet the requirements of this directive and may ask Spain to provide additional information. Riesgo nuclear de las vasijas del reactor de Doel. Major cracks have been discovered in the third reactor at the Doel nuclear power plant in Belgium, built by the Dutch firm Rotterdamsche Droogdok Maatschappij.
The Belgian Federal Nuclear Agency is in favour of decommissioning them if their reactor vessels are also found to be cracked. Initial tests carried out on Doel III point to a construction fault. If that turns out to be the case, it would have global ramifications, given that the same type of steel was used to build the entire Doel and Tihange generation of reactors around reactors of a total of reactors worldwide.
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Can the Commission say whether tests have been carried out at the plants with similar vessels to Doel? What progress has it made with its plans to review current legislation on the quality of the materials used to build nuclear power plants? In Belgium, such type of inspections were also carried out at Tihange-2, where similar flaws in the Reactor Pressure Vessel RPV were detected, although they appear to be fewer than those at Doel In , similar inspections will be held at Borssele Netherlands.
Reactors in Germany which have RPVs from the same manufacturer will not be investigated as they have already been closed. In Spain, reactors which are potentially concerned are either shut down or are reported not to be affected because another manufacturing process had been used Cofrentes. The responsibility for safety is with the licensee under the supervision of the national Regulator.
The Commission provided technical expertise in technical meetings organised by the Belgian regulators to provide information about the situation at Doel Heeft zij hierover contact opgenomen met de Turkse regering? Hoe reageert de Commissie op de brutale toon en de aantijgingen in de persmededeling van minister Bagis? De Commissie is op de hoogte van het door het geachte Parlementslid genoemde rapport. Dit rapport is uitsluitend de verantwoordelijkheid van de Turkse regering en is dan ook niet besproken met de Commissie.
The same press release made fun of the financial and economic problems facing the Republic of Cyprus in an exceptionally harsh way. Has it been in contact with the Turkish Government on this issue? If so, what conclusions were drawn? The Commission is aware of the report the Honourable Member refers to. The report is the sole responsibility of the Turkish Government and has therefore not been discussed with the Commission.
Thanks to MQNB14 maize, farmers have not had to make endless tractor rounds to spray litres of insecticide over their crops. Does the Commission agree with the claim that MON maize has been shown to be more environmentally friendly than conventional maize? Has the Commission been given access to the Spanish Government studies that were the basis for this claim? Stiamo inoltre monitorando alcuni focolai di colera, ma il governo non ha ancora sollecitato assistenza da parte nostra.
The situation is getting worse every day and the next rains are not expected until the end of February. This drought has had devastating consequences: Women and children, suffering from dehydration and malnutrition, must go further and further to find water, which is often stagnant, putrid and therefore a carrier of disease. Although no microbiological tests are available, it is clear that the water is contaminated and contributes to the spread of typhoid, amoebiasis and dysentery. Is the Commission aware of this situation?
What action does it intend to take to deal with the emergency? The EC has been following the humanitarian situation in Southern Africa, including the droughts that have plagued Angola since Those led to saving over lives of children suffering from acute malnutrition and raised the issue in the government response to emergencies and in the programming of the Ministry of Health.
The Delegation is committed to ensure sustainability and scaling up of these results. Early-January rains appear to have slightly alleviated the situation but hardship still remains. We have also been monitoring a series of cholera epidemics but the government has not solicited assistance yet. It also participates in the nutrition group, led by the Ministry of Health department for nutrition, to improve general policies on the treatment of under nutrition and to reduce vulnerability. Un articolo apparso domenica sul sito web di un noto quotidiano statunitense ha suscitato una forte ondata di polemiche a causa di numerose informazioni errate in merito alle importazioni di olio d'oliva italiano.
L'articolo faceva riferimento a due pratiche di adulterazione dell'olio che avverrebbero durante la produzione: An article that appeared on Sunday on the website of a well-known US newspaper has sparked a wave of controversy as it contained a great deal of incorrect information regarding imports of Italian olive oil. The article mentioned two adulteration practices allegedly used during olive oil production, namely cutting the olive oil with other, cheaper oils such as soybean oil, and the simultaneous addition of beta-carotene and chlorophyll to mask the colour and flavour of the oil.
Nevertheless, the article represents a severe, defamatory attack on the quality and excellence of our product. What steps does the Commission intend to take against the smear campaign in the United States, which discredits food safety policy in Europe? Does the Commission intend to suspend, as seems reasonable, negotiations on free trade agreements with the United States until the above matter is cleared up?
The Commission is aware of the newspaper article referred to by the Honourable Member. The Commission has been in close contact with the U. The Commission in coordination with the concerned Member States will continue to monitor the situation in the U. Richieste di finanziamento da parte dell'opposizione ucraina. The situation in Ukraine has evolved significantly in recent weeks. The EU fully supports efforts of the new Ukrainian Government to stabilise the situation and pursue constitutional and other reforms, as well as free, fair and transparent Presidential elections. An inclusive Government that reaches out to all Ukrainian regions and population groups to ensure full protection of national minorities is essential.
The EU is also pursuing restrictive measures for persons identified as responsible for human rights violations or misappropriation of State funds, as well as measures aimed at encouraging de-escalation of the crisis in Crimea. The EU has been active in facilitating peaceful and negotiated solutions in Ukraine since the beginning of the crisis.
Insecurity among particular sections of the Spanish population has reached unprecedented levels. The impunity with which certain elements of the State Security Forces are acting is a reflection of a society in which the perpetrators of Francoist crimes have never been brought to justice. The case described below is one of the most extreme examples of how certain public institutions are failing to protect the victims of crimes committed during the dictatorship. The daughter of a union member who was murdered in , Gema has lent her support to the case against the crimes of Francoism which is being heard by the Argentinian courts.
Since doing so, both Gema and her family have received threats from extreme-right groups, who have even gone as far as to scrawl death threats on the walls of her house. Faced with this situation, Gema has been requesting that measures be taken to protect her and her family. However, she has effectively been left completely unprotected, and it is the prevailing culture of impunity in Spain which is to blame for this.
This situation has resulted in the relative of a victim of Francoist repression failing to receive protection in a city where a criminal from that era continues to exercise authority. The Commission will be able to assess Member States' compliance with the provisions of the directive only after the transposition period expires. Currently, the Commission is actively assisting Member States in correct and timely transposition by issuing a guidance document, organising workshops and expert meetings. Zudem darf Surfverhalten aufgezeichnet und zwei Jahre lang gespeichert werden.
Daraufhin wurden Hunderte Aktivisten festgenommen, die im Internet zu Demonstrationen aufgerufen hatten. Februar in Kraft getreten. Februar zum Ausdruck gebracht. Numerosi esponenti della stampa turca hanno accusato le forti pressioni politiche subite da diversi gruppi editoriali da parte di politici o dagli stessi consigli di amministrazione, i cui membri sono spesso vicino a figure politiche rilevanti.
In questo modo, a farne le spese sono quei giornalisti che restano fedeli all'indipendenza che dovrebbe caratterizzare gli organi di stampa, puniti spesso anche con il licenziamento. A luglio, la Tgs, l'Unione Giornalisti turchi, ha reso noto che i reporter che hanno perso il loro posto di lavoro per aver coperto le rivolte di Gezi Parki sono stati Altri 37 sono stati spinti alle dimissioni.
La legge attende ora la firma del presidente per la ratifica definitiva. Provvedimenti assunti dal governo turco per un maggiore controllo di Internet. La legge desta tuttavia preoccupazione per il potere potenzialmente arbitrario della Presidenza delle telecomunicazioni e delle comunicazioni e l'assenza di una protezione e di garanzie giuridiche adeguate per le parti lese. In particolare, ogni singola interferenza nell'applicazione della legge in questione deve essere proporzionata allo scopo perseguito.
Deze week zal het Turkse parlement stemmen over een wetsvoorstel tot wijziging van de verordening uit betreffende internetwebsites en de preventie van misdrijven door middel van die websites wet nr. Sinds de invoering van de wet in zijn duizenden websites geblokkeerd. Het nieuwe voorstel is verontrustend omdat het onduidelijke definities bevat, willekeurige besluiten mogelijk maakt en de controle door de regering van internet en internetproviders vergroot. De vrijheid van meningsuiting, de vrijheid van de media en de rechtsstaat staan reeds onder steeds grotere druk in Turkije, het land dat het grootste aantal journalisten opsluit.
Wat is het oordeel van de Commissie over het voorstel tot wijziging van wet nr. Heeft de Commissie de onderwerpen vrijheid van meningsuiting, vrijheid van de media in verband met de huidige staatscrisis en de gebrekkige eerbiediging van de rechtsstaat recentelijk aan de orde gebracht bij rechtstreekse gesprekken met de Turkse regering? Het Turkse parlement is akkoord gegaan met een nieuwe internetwet. Hoe beoordeelt de Commissie de nieuwe Turkse internetwet die het de autoriteiten toestaat, naar believen, het internet te censureren — zonder tussenkomst van de rechter?
Deelt de Commissie de mening dat dit een zeer ernstige, verdere inperking van de vrijheid van meningsuiting en expressie betekent? Daarom heeft de Commissie herhaaldelijk benadrukt dat er eerder minder dan meer beperkingen op de media nodig zijn in Turkije. Welke conclusies trekt de Commissie hieruit? Welke gevolgen heeft dit voor de toetredingsonderhandelingen? Hij zei onder meer dat er teveel klachten zijn over ongeoorloofde druk van de Turkse regering op journalisten.
Deze uitspraken werden gedaan na vragen over de Turkse wet die het internetgebruik verder aan banden legt, wat manifest in strijd is met de criteria van Kopenhagen. De gewijzigde wet voert het evenredigheidsbeginsel in en schaft gevangenisstraffen voor internetaanbieders af. De wet geeft echter aanleiding tot ongerustheid wegens de mogelijk arbitraire bevoegdheid van de Turkse Telecommunicatie-autoriteit en het ontbreken van voldoende bescherming en rechtszekerheid voor de betrokken partijen.
Het toegangsverbod dat de Turkse autoriteiten aan Twitter en YouTube hebben opgelegd, geeft ook aanleiding tot zware ongerustheid. Het recente besluit van het Constitutioneel Hof bevestigt dat het algehele verbod op Twitter een inbreuk vormde op het grondwettelijke recht op vrijheid van meningsuiting. De Commissie verwacht van de Turkse autoriteiten dat ze een einde maken aan het verbod op YouTube en een goed evenwicht vinden tussen de nationale veiligheid en de vrijheid van meningsuiting.
Het Europees Hof voor de rechten van de mens heeft duidelijk gesteld dat elke inmenging in de uitoefening van deze vrijheden aan een strikt toezicht door de rechter is onderworpen vanwege het kardinale belang van de rechten in kwestie. Met name elke inmenging in de toepassing van deze wet moet in verhouding staan tot het beoogde doel. De Commissie zal nauw toezien op de tenuitvoerlegging van deze wet, met inbegrip van elke beperking van de vrijheid van meningsuiting die een gevolg kan zijn van de toepassing van de wet door de nationale autoriteiten, en zal hierover verslag uitbrengen in haar volgende voortgangsverslag.
Since its introduction in , thousands of websites have been blocked. The new proposal is worrying because it contains unclear definitions, allows for arbitrary decisions and would increase government control over the Internet and providers. Freedom of expression, freedom of the media, and the rule of law are already increasingly under threat in Turkey, which remains the biggest jailer of journalists.
Does the Commission agree that freedom of expression is increasingly under threat in Turkey? Has the Commission addressed the issues of freedom of expression, freedom of the media in relation to the ongoing state crisis, and the lack of respect for the rule of law, in direct talks with the Turkish government recently? If not, when will it do so? Furthermore, website hosting companies will have to follow a programme under direct ministerial control.
This will use a database to check the web pages visited by Turkish users for two years. The Turkish Government justifies these restrictions as controlling cases of paedophilia and so protecting children. A peaceful demonstration recently took place against these measures in Istanbul. During it, however, there were many arrests. The Turkish Parliament has approved a new law on the Internet. What view does the Commission take of the new Turkish law on the Internet, which permits the authorities to censor the Internet in any way they choose without applying for a court order? Does the Commission agree that this is a very serious further restriction of freedom of expression?
Therefore, the Commission has consistently emphasised that fewer, rather than more restrictions on media are needed in Turkey. What conclusions does the Commission draw from this? What consequences will it have for the accession negotiations? A controversial law on controls over the Internet was recently proposed in the Turkish parliament. The new regulations provide the authorities with the means to block websites without a court order. Internet activity may also be monitored and the records stored for a period of two years.
All this should allegedly serve to better protect personal rights on the Internet and to protect young people from damaging influences on the Internet such as drugs and pornography. In practice, the law gives the government the power to arbitrarily reach decisions regarding the blocking of content, and this equates to censorship. Hundreds of activists who had called for demonstrations on the Internet were arrested as a result.
What view does the Commission take of this further restriction of personal freedoms andcivil rights in Turkey? How does this proposal influence the accession negotiations that are currently taking place? The authorities are implementing new laws which will regulate the Internet more than ever before. As soon as the authorities inform them that a site is to be blocked, Internet service providers will have no more than four hours to do so.
Service providers are also now obliged to retain data on users for two years and make them available to the authorities on demand. The demonstrations were broken up by the police using water cannons, tear gas and rubber bullets. Do the accession chapters which are open with Turkey include talks on the rights of citizens and Internet users? Recent developments in Turkey with the newly introduced Internet censorship represent a clear violation of human rights. The so-called Internet reform seriously damages the right to freedom of expression, since the law allows the government telecommunications authorities to block any webpages at their own discretion, without any prior judicial decision.
Moreover, the law gives the authorities the possibility of storing all access data for the websites visited by users for two years, which seriously compromises the right to privacy. What steps will the High Representative take to persuade the Turkish authorities, who appear not to have been swayed by the recent protests in the country, to put an end to these violations of fundamental rights? In adopting a law recently imposing stricter controls on the Internet, the Turkish government is undermining the right to unrestricted use of the Internet.
This law further restricts freedom of expression and communication and the right of citizens to free access to information. The new law allows the government authority responsible for telecommunications TIB to block any website at will, without the need for any judicial decision. Freedom of expression is once again under attack in Turkey. The Department of Telecommunications will also have the power to require providers to block sites whose content violates privacy, without the prior authorisation of the courts. Since accession talks began, the Commission has so far limited itself to calling on Ankara to amend legal provisions that restrict freedom of expression.
According to a number of representatives of the Turkish press, various editorial teams are being put under intense political pressure by political parties or by their own management boards, whose members are often close to powerful political figureheads. And it is the journalists who remain loyal to the principles of independence — in short, the type of journalist that should be found in all press organisations — who are bearing the brunt of the situation, with punishments, and even sackings, often being metered out.
The situation has grown even worse over the last week following the passing of a law, condemned by the opposition as a further nail in the coffin of freedom, that makes it easier for websites to be shut down and gives the Turkish Telecommunications Authority the power to monitor user activity on the Internet. The law now only needs to be signed by the Turkish President in order to be ratified. The Turkish parliament has adopted an act permitting the state authorities to increase controls over the Internet.
Defenders of online freedom of speech and the opposition are critical of the new law. Deputies of the Grand National Assembly have granted consent for the telecommunications office, without a court order, to block websites which it claims have breached privacy. The Act provides for a register of user activity, which Internet service providers will be able to keep.
This register will be kept for two years and made available to the authorities on request without notifying users. Is the Commission monitoring the observance of free speech over the Internet in Turkey on an on-going basis? Will the Commission raise this issue during membership negotiations and if so, how will it attempt to persuade Turkey to cease taking such legal measures? This was in response to questions regarding Turkish legislation imposing further restrictions on the use of Internet in obvious breach of the Copenhagen criteria.
The Turkish Government has voted on a set of regulations making it possible for its Information and Communication Technologies Authority to block web content, shut down websites and request information on their visitors, without the backing of warrants from the judiciary. As Turkey is one of the countries negotiating EU accession and ought, as such, to respect human rights and the precedents of the European Court of Human Rights, how does the Commission intend to intervene? The amended law introduces the concept of proportionality and eliminates prison sentences for Internet Service Providers.
However, it raises concerns related to the potentially arbitrary power of the Telecommunication Communications Presidency and to the absence of sufficient protection and legal safeguards for affected parties. The access bans to Twitter and YouTube imposed by the Turkish authorities raise grave concerns. The recent decision of the Constitutional Court confirms that the blanket ban on Twitter constituted an infringement of the Constitutional right to freedom of expression. Accordingly, the Commission expects the Turkish authorities to lift the ban on YouTube and find the appropriate balance between national security and freedom of expression.
The Commission recalls that freedom of expression includes the freedom to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority. The European Court of Human Rights made it clear that any interference with the exercise of such freedoms requires strict supervision by the courts due to the cardinal importance of the rights in question.
In particular, any individual interference in the application of such law must be proportionate to the aim pursued. The Commission will closely monitor the implementation of this law, including any limitation imposed on freedom of expression as a result of its application by the national authorities, and will report on this issue in its forthcoming progress report.
They can also be accessed on certain websites, but many people whose lives they directly affect have to go to great lengths by themselves in order to get hold of the official texts. That is why I think that a lot more could be done on this point to reduce the democratic deficit and bring Europe closer to ordinary citizens.
Several measures have been taken to link the content on the EUR-Lex website with law published at national level, in order to simplify access for citizens. Certain Member States re-publish EU legislation in national gazettes. This decision falls under their sole responsibility. Visto il regolamento CE n. Il regolamento RDC non prevede uno stanziamento finanziario minimo per l'attuazione di ciascuna strategia di comunicazione. Considering that the aforementioned regulations make communication plans compulsory and stipulate that the relevant resources — for each programme under the Structural Funds — must be proportionate to the need for adequate information on these programmes;.
Considering that it has emerged that some of the individual management authorities responsible for implementing each communication plan — particularly in the case of undeveloped regions such as Sicily — are failing to comply with their obligation as regards communication plans, which are a vital tool for ensuring that regions and businesses are fully informed;.
The Commission is not aware of any irregularity or breach of the obligations ensuing from the regulations with respect to communication activities in the regional programme for Sicily. Should any evidence to the contrary emerge, the Commission will take all necessary steps to protect the EU's financial interests. The Commission will ensure that this provision will be respected.
The CPR regulation does not provide for any minimum financial allocation for the implementation of each communication strategy. On average, about 0. Accanto al Bitcoin, sta aumentando, in molte regioni italiane, ultima la Lombardia, la diffusione di una moneta virtuale regionale, con un rapporto di cambio fisso rispetto all'euro. Ritiene di dover direttamente disciplinare, attraverso accordi con Stati membri o accordi internazionali, l'emissione di tali valute parallele e le garanzie che devono essere sottese a qualsiasi valuta, per la natura di veicolo fiduciario che la valuta stessa riveste?
In caso affermativo, ha il potere di procedere di conseguenza, e come? Ad oggi le valute virtuali non sono regolamentate a livello di UE. Le conclusioni della task force sono attese per il mese di maggio Sulla base delle informazioni disponibili, il caso sembra presentare maggiori analogie con i buoni pasto o con buoni per altri servizi. Sulla base delle informazioni disponibili sul progetto in Lombardia ed esperienze di progetti simili come la sterlina di Bristol Bristol Pound , la Commissione nelle attuali circostanze non ritiene che questo tipo di progetti rischi di aggirare la BCE o di compromettere il processo istituzionale di integrazione europea.
In addition to Bitcoin, we are seeing the increasing spread of regional virtual currencies with a fixed exchange rate with the euro in many Italian regions, most recently Lombardy. Not fear a substantial by-passing of the European Central Bank and, therefore, the effective undermining of the entire institutional process of European integration given that the issuing of currency that can be converted into euros is equivalent to increasing the amount of money in circulation in the Eurozone? Consider it should, via agreements with Member States or international agreements, directly regulate the issuing of these parallel currencies and the guarantees that have to underlie any currency, because it is a fiduciary vehicle?
Have reason to think that transactions conducted in currencies other than the euro might by-pass the rules of proper accounting that the Treaties impose on Eurozone countries? If so, does it have the power to proceed accordingly, and how will it do so? Consider that the potential unsustainability of financial situations expressed not in the euro but in currencies linked to it because they are issued by Eurozone countries, should be taken in charge by the competent authorities, at national and European level?
Consider on the contrary that the issuing of parallel currencies linked to the euro is a tolerable phenomenon since it allows for an easing of the restrictions on the circulation of liquidity, or that it is in fact a phenomenon caused by the scarce availability of credit for supplying resources to the so-called real economy? The Honourable Member is concerned by the current development of regional virtual currencies with a fixed exchange rate with the euro in many Italian regions.
Virtual currencies are not subject to regulation at EU level at this stage. However, it would appear to the Commission that the initiative referred to by the Honourable Member is different from the Bitcoin-type of virtual currencies as it would seem limited to a certain region, has low acceptance, no ambition of global development and a fixed exchange rate only with the euro.
Based on the information available, a closer comparison would be restaurant or service vouchers. Based on the information available on the Lombard project and experiences with similar projects as the Bristol Pound, the Commission would not at this stage think that this kind of projects would lead to by-passing of the ECB or undermine the institutional process of European integration.
As regards the acconunting aspects, it would appear that it is for national authorities to ensure that all relevant legislation is complied with, including the correct payment of VAT for example. Nevertheless, the Commission will remain attentive to all developments in this area. In sostanza, la tecnologia della torcia al plasma permette di superare i limiti dell'inceneritore tradizionale, senza emissione di sostanze nocive diossine, furani, SVOC, ceneri volanti contenenti metalli pesanti.
Inoltre, permette di trattare non separatamente diversi tipi di rifiuti — tra cui quelli speciali, ospedalieri, industriali — dimostrandosi altamente competitiva nella gestione di quelli pericolosi. Some interesting research conducted by NASA has revealed the potential of a new technology that could be used for waste treatment, with benefits for the environment.
In brief, plasma torch technology makes it possible to exceed the temperature limits of conventional incinerators, without emissions of harmful substances dioxins, furans, SVOCs, and fly ash containing heavy metals. It also makes it possible to process various types of waste — including special, hospital and industrial waste — without separating them, which makes it a highly competitive technology for the management of hazardous wastes.
A further added value of the technology is the fact that plant output can be altered flexibly to suit seasonal variations in waste flows. This helps technology developers to differentiate from their competitors and reduces risks for customers and investors. Its Special Rapporteur, Pablo de Greiff, said that a state policy was needed as regards the victims of the Franco regime. The Special Rapporteur also drew attention to a number of other failings on the part of the government noted during his day visit to the country.
He stressed that the government needed to devise a state policy, and underlined the fact that many countries had adopted amnesty laws which did not prevent suspects from being prosecuted. The investigation will demonstrate the limited commitment of the Spanish institutions to the democratic memory of Spain and the fact that many of the relatives of the victims of the Civil War and the dictatorship have no means of legal redress whatsoever. Does it intend to launch infringement proceedings against Spain in respect of this matter?
The issue of the state policy as regards the victims of the Franco regime does not fall within the scope of Union law. Bilateral discussions will be held with Member States throughout this year with a view to ensuring full and correct transposition of the framework Decision into national law. However, it is for national authorities to apply the framework Decision at national level. This means that the directive will not be applicable until that date and that the Commission will carry out its evaluation of such transposition after that date. Esto, como bien indicaba la respuesta de la Sra.
However, this newspaper is continuing to provide evidence that ought to at least merit an investigation in any constitutional state. On this occasion, the newspaper presents a complete video, shot by a local NGO called Prodein, which relates to the gathering of migrants near the fencing by police in order to expel them. This video has come about due to the concerns held by NGOs and civil society in Melilla owing to the clear infringement of laws which is taking place at their border and should merit an investigation.
Even the Melilla branch of the Unified Association of Civil Guard Officers has declared that it does not doubt that these kinds of expulsions are taking place and that it has already asked the Attorney General to investigate the legality of these practices. Is the Commission aware of the published video concerning the expulsions of migrants in Melilla?
Does the Commission intend to launch an investigation to ascertain the veracity of these unlawful expulsions? If these irregular expulsions are confirmed to have taken place, what sanctions might the Commission consider imposing on the Spanish Government? In the context of this bilateral exchange between the Commission and Spanish authorities, the situation in Melilla is also being addressed. The Commission will examine the information received from Spain and closely monitor further developments.
EUR-Lex Access to European Union law
Bankia is one of the companies that has benefited the most under the new legislation on deferred tax assets DTAs which has been approved by the Spanish Government. A thorough asset quality review of the European banking industry will be conducted in in order to gain first-hand information about the exact situation of the European banks that are under the supervision of the European Central Bank.
Does the Commission take the view that the Spanish Government has granted state aid to the entire Spanish banking industry by means of DTAs, and that Bankia in particular has benefited from this? Does the Commission believe that non-Spanish-owned European banks have been subject to distorted competition as a result of DTAs? Currently, and according to the information presented by the Spanish authorities, the Commission has no indication that the Spanish Government's measures are materially selective and, therefore, that state aid may be involved.
Given this, the Commission has not started any ex officio action. Moreover, the Commission cannot make any official statement on the aid nature of the measures in the absence of a concrete notification. Therefore, the Commission is not in a position to give an opinion on the nature of these measures or on their potential impact on market competition, and, for the moment, does not deem it necessary to investigate the matter further. Does the Commission not think that this measure is discouraging consumers from energy-efficient power consumption?
Does the Commission believe that this is a good way of dealing with the tariff deficit that is building up in the Spanish electricity industry? Does the Commission believe that this measure is tackling the issue of energy poverty? The Commission is at this stage still collecting information to assess Spain's reforms in the electricity sector, in particular concerning the measures taken to deal with the tariff deficit and impacts on energy efficiency. The Commission is however concerned that the reforms in the electricity sector, although going in the right direction, may not be sufficient to reach their objectives effectively.
Vulnerable consumers tend to use, in general, less energy than the average consumer, and their energy bills may consequently rise following the increase in the fixed charge. Cypriot Minister for Foreign Affairs, Ioannis Kasoulides, stated that this was absolutely unacceptable. The EU also stressed the need to respect the sovereignty of Member States over their territorial sea. Can the Commission provide some information regarding the state of progress of the case and specify the date on which a decision will be reached?
The Commission is currently investigating the matter and cannot indicate an expected decision date. In presenza di prove che attestino eventuali infrazioni della normativa ambientale, la Commissione prende le misure appropriate. Per quanto riguarda le misure proattive per intervenire sulle emergenze ambientali e sanitarie, la Commissione non intende intraprendere azioni specifiche, dal momento che tali questioni rientrano tra le competenze degli Stati membri.
The environmental degradation to which a number of local areas are subject, especially in countries such as Italy, is certainly a phenomenon of the utmost concern to citizens and Institutions at various levels. Recently, the gravity of this phenomenon, and in particular its severe repercussions on the health of citizens especially young children , have become increasingly evident, revealing years of criminal exploitation of the territory of the Community and its resources and jeopardising, if not precluding, future prospects for Community development.
With regard to Italy, it is sufficient to cite the striking example of Terra dei Fuochi, the tip of an iceberg representing a far more widespread phenomenon. What proactive measures are contemplated by the Commission in the face of situations of downright environmental and health emergency? What, currently, are the financial and other resources at the disposal of regional communities affected by high levels of environmental degradation? It is primarily for the authorities of Member States — administrative and judicial — to safeguard the health of their citizens and environment and to secure compliance with the applicable EU environmental law.
Where there is evidence of a possible infringement of this law, the Commission takes the appropriate action. The Commission is not planning to take specific actions on proactive measures to intervene on environmental and health emergency issues as these fall under the responsibility of Member States. The programme for Campania provides for the possibility to fund the reclamation of contaminated sites under priority I within the framework of the Regional plan establishing the priority areas for reclamation interventions Piano regionale bonifiche.
However, in line with the shared management principle used for the management of Structural funds, project selection and implementation is the responsibility of the national authorities. For more information the Commission therefore suggests that the Honourable Member contact directly the managing authority of programme:. A unique network of many thousands of European public libraries helps to actively pursue the targets of the Europe strategy, especially in the fields of the digital agenda, social exclusion and lifelong learning.
Libraries allow people to study at their own pace and in their own time. An impressive fact is that the number of respondents the Romani, disabled, elderly and unemployed people who claimed that public libraries are the only place they can take advantage of the Internet is equal to the number of residents in the four least densely populated EU Member States.
Does the Commission not believe that it would be appropriate to recognise the status of a public library as a non-formal educational institution in EU strategic documents so that they could make more extensive use of EU structural support in accordance with related policies, thereby contributing to the further progress of society and EU priority objectives? A unique multi-thousand network of European public libraries helps to actively pursue the targets of the Europe strategy, especially in the fields of digital agenda, social exclusion and lifelong learning. A very impressive fact is that the number of respondents the Romani, disabled, elderly and unemployed people claiming that the public library is the only place where they can take advantage of the Internet would be equal to the number of residents in the four least densely populated EU countries.
Does the Commission not believe that it would be appropriate to recognise the status of the public library, as a non-formal educational institution, in EU strategic documents, so that they could make more extensive use of EU structural support in accordance with the related policies, thereby contributing to the further progress of society and EU priority objectives? Access to free public computers and Internet — in libraries or elsewhere — is clearly important for the social inclusion of otherwise excluded groups, particularly for job-seekers.
Public libraries therefore contribute to meeting the objectives of the Europe strategy, especially in the fields of the digital agenda, social inclusion and lifelong learning. While supporting public libraries and ensuring high-quality services is primarily a matter of national or local competence, public libraries are eligible to apply for funding under the new Creative Europe programme. There are no provisions at EU level for recognising the status of libraries as non-formal educational institution.
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