The Book of Enoch: A Complete Guide and Reference


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The Book of Enoch : A Complete Guide and Reference by Joseph Lumpkin (2010, Paperback)

A good secondary references. Very details and a great reference. One person found this helpful. I truly enjoyed this book especially with Christian commentary. Many controversial questions were answered. I really enjoyed reading this book. Iam not a big reader. However I could not put this down, and read it every day from front to back then I shared it and passed it on to friends.

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AmazonGlobal Ship Orders Internationally. And now instruct him that he may escape and his seed may be preserved for all the generations of the world. And place upon him rough and jagged rocks, and cover him with darkness, and let him abide there for ever, and cover his face that he may not see light. And on the day of the great judgement he shall be cast into the fire.

And heal the earth which the angels have corrupted, and proclaim the healing of the earth, that they may heal the plague, and that all the children of men may not perish through all the secret things that the Watchers have disclosed and have taught their sons. And to Gabriel said the Lord: Some, [ citation needed ] including R. Charles, suggest that "biters" should read "bastards", but the name is so unusual that some [ citation needed ] believe that the implication that is made by the reading of "biters" is more or less correct. And the Lord said unto Michael: And when their sons have slain one another, and they have seen the destruction of their beloved ones, bind them fast for seventy generations in the valleys of the earth, till the day of their judgement and of their consummation, till the judgement that is for ever and ever is consummated.

In those days they shall be led off to the abyss of fire: And whosoever shall be condemned and destroyed will from thenceforth be bound together with them to the end of all generations. Chapters 37—71 of the Book of Enoch are referred to as the Book of Parables. The scholarly debate centers on these chapters.

The Book of Parables appears to be based on the Book of Watchers, but presents a later development of the idea of final judgement and of eschatology , concerned not only with the destiny of the fallen angels but also that of the evil kings of the earth. It has been suggested that the Book of Parables, in its entirety, is a later addition. Pointing to similarities with the Sibylline Oracles and other earlier works, in , J.

Milik dated the Book of Parables to the third century. He believed that the events in the parables were linked to historic events dating from to CE. According to this theory, these chapters were written in later Christian times by a Jewish Christian to enhance Christian beliefs with Enoch's authoritative name. Knibb would continue this line of reasoning in later works. In , Robert Charles judged Chapter 71 to be a later addition. He would later change his opinion [75]: It occurs in the "Noachian interpolations" lx. He sits on God's throne xlv. Though Charles does not admit it, these passages betray Christian redaction and emendation.

These passages seem to interrupt the flow of the narrative. Hannah suggests that these passages are not, in total, novel interpolations, but rather derived from an earlier Noah apocryphon. In addition to the theory of Noachian interpolations, which perhaps a majority of scholars support, most scholars currently believe that Chapters 70—71 are a later addition in part or in whole.

The Son of Man is identified with Enoch. The text implies that Enoch had previously been enthroned in heaven. The parable also switches from third person singular to first person singular. Charlesworth rejects the theory that chapters 70—71 are later additions. He believes that no additions were made to the Book of Parables. Four fragmentary editions of the Astronomical Book were found at Qumran, 4Q This book contains descriptions of the movement of heavenly bodies and of the firmament , as a knowledge revealed to Enoch in his trips to Heaven guided by Uriel , and it describes a Solar calendar that was later described also in the Book of Jubilees which was used by the Dead Sea sect.

The use of this calendar made it impossible to celebrate the festivals simultaneously with the Temple of Jerusalem. The year was composed from days, divided in four equal seasons of ninety-one days each. Each season was composed of three equal months of thirty days, plus an extra day at the end of the third month. The whole year was thus composed of exactly fifty-two weeks, and every calendar day occurred always on the same day of the week. Each year and each season started always on Wednesday , which was the fourth day of the creation narrated in Genesis , the day when the lights in the sky, the seasons, the days and the years were created.

The Book of Dream Visions, containing a vision of a history of Israel all the way down to what the majority have interpreted as the Maccabean Revolt , is dated by most to Maccabean times about — BC. According to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church it was written before the Flood. First Dream Vision on the Deluge. Second Dream Vision of Enoch: The second dream vision in this section of the Book of Enoch is an allegorical account of the history of Israel, that uses animals to represent human beings and human beings to represent angels.

One of several hypothetical reconstructions of the meanings in the dream is as follows based on the works of R. There are a great many links between the first book and this one, including the outline of the story and the imprisonment of the leaders and destruction of the Nephilim. The dream includes sections relating to the book of Watchers:.

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And those seventy shepherds were judged and found guilty, and they were cast into that fiery abyss. And I saw at that time how a like abyss was opened in the midst of the earth, full of fire, and they brought those blinded sheep. The fall of the evil ones. And all the oxen feared them and were affrighted at them, and began to bite with their teeth and to devour, and to gore with their horns. And they began, moreover, to devour those oxen; and behold all the children of the earth began to tremble and quake before them and to flee from them.

The creation of the Nephilim et al. Similar references exist in Jubilees 7: The book describes their release from the Ark along with three bulls — white, red, and black, which are Shem, Ham, and Japeth — in It also covers the death of Noah, described as the white bull, and the creation of many nations:. And they began to bring forth beasts of the field and birds, so that there arose different genera: It then describes the story of Moses and Aaron Eventually they arrived at a "pleasant and glorious land" And that sheep whose eyes were opened saw that ram, which was amongst the sheep, till it forsook its glory and began to butt those sheep, and trampled upon them, and behaved itself unseemly.

And the Lord of the sheep sent the lamb to another lamb and raised it to being a ram and leader of the sheep instead of that ram which had forsaken its glory. David replacing Saul as leader of Israel. It describes the creation of Solomon's Temple and also the house which may be the tabernacle: This interpretation is accepted by Dillmann p. It also describes the escape of Elijah the prophet; in 1 Kings This part of the book can be taken to be the kingdom splitting into the northern and southern tribes, that is, Israel and Judah, eventually leading to Israel falling to the Assyrians in BC and Judah falling to the Babylonians a little over a century later BC.

There is also mention of 59 of 70 shepherds with their own seasons; there seems to be some debate on the meaning of this section, some suggesting that it is a reference to the 70 appointed times in Another interpretation is the 70 weeks in Daniel 9: However, the general interpretation is that these are simply angels. This section of the book and another section near the end describe the appointment by God of the 70 angels to protect the Israelites from enduring too much harm from the "beasts and birds".

The later section Jews were allowed to return with the Temple vessels that the Babylonians had taken. Construction of the Second Temple began"; this represents the history of ancient Israel and Judah ; the temple was completed in BC. The first part of the next section of the book seems, according to Western scholars, to clearly describe the Maccabean revolt of BC against the Seleucids.


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  • The following two quotes have been altered from their original form to make the hypothetical meanings of the animal names clear. And I saw in the vision how the Seleucids flew upon those faithful and took one of those lambs, and dashed the sheep in pieces and devoured them. And I saw till horns grew upon those lambs, and the Seleucids cast down their horns; and I saw till there sprouted a great horn of one of those faithful , and their eyes were opened.

    And it looked at them and their eyes opened, and it cried to the sheep, and the rams saw it and all ran to it. And notwithstanding all this those Macedonians and vultures and Seleucids and Ptolemies still kept tearing the sheep and swooping down upon them and devouring them: And those Seleucids fought and battled with it and sought to lay low its horn, but they had no power over it.

    All the Macedonians and vultures and Seleucids and Ptolemies were gathered together, and there came with them all the sheep of the field, yea, they all came together, and helped each other to break that horn of the ram. According to this theory, the first sentence most likely refers to the death of High Priest Onias III, whose murder is described in 1 Maccabees 3: The "great horn" clearly is not Mattathias , the initiator of the rebellion, as he dies a natural death, described in 1 Maccabees 2: It is also not Alexander the Great, as the great horn is interpreted as a warrior who has fought the Macedonians, Seleucids, and Ptolemies.


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    • Judas Maccabeus BC— BC fought all three of these, with a large number of victories against the Seleucids over a great period of time; "they had no power over it". Just purchased this book and although it shows up on the book case there's nothing but a white page and a menu on top which does nothing when selecting any of the options. Overview Music Video Charts. Opening the iTunes Store.

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